Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico Philosophicus Essay

1116 words - 4 pages

In the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Wittgenstein is convinced that language mirrors the world, and that things which are in the world must be expressible through language. However, he believes that the way in which language represents the world can not be expressed in the language, and that this is not generally understood. For example, in a perfect logically perspicuous language, it is nonsense to say that M is a thing, so this cannot be said. However, by using the symbol 'M' we are showing something; 'M is a thing' is already shown when you see 'M'. Wittgenstein required another form of expression for the things which can't be said and this has become known as the doctrine of showing. However, the doctrine itself is never made perspicacious; it is of cardinal importance, but he never really tries to explain it in the Tractatus, he invokes it without any specification of its meaning.By the time showing is introduced in the 4.12's of the Tractatus, Wittgenstein has developed his picture theory, and shown how propositions in language can represent real states of affairs just like models or pictures. Relations between names in propositions represent possible arrangements of real objects. The representation and reality must have a common logical form, and this is the minimum which must be in common to allow the picture to picture reality. However, the representation can never say that it includes this logical form - it can never be displayed within the model, the picture or the proposition, but must be there nonetheless. It is noticeable to anyone who happens to study the representation, as they will need to know what there is in common. What cannot be put into words refers to features of reality. However, this can only be because the logical form is shown, by the very fact that the representation represents. When the picture theory is extended to propositions, the account of the factual sentence's correlation to the fact can not be given by another factual sentence, merely shown by its form.Hence, a proposition can never represent their logical form as they can the object in the state of affairs, but it will necessarily show it. He illustrates the point using the language of Frege's function and argument in 4.1211. Thus one proposition 'fa' shows that the object a occurs in its sense, two propositions 'fa' and 'ga' show that the same object is mentioned in both of them. If two propositions contradict one another, then their structure shows it; the same is true if one follows from the other.Wittgenstein also illustrates the point with internal properties, which are features of objects that it is unthinkable for the object to be without. At 4.124 he says 'The existence of an internal property of a possible situation is not expressed by means of a proposition: rather it expresses itself in the proposition representing the situation. From this, he moves on to discuss the basis of the logically perspicacious language, formal concepts, with form...

Find Another Essay On Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico Philosophicus

The Philosophy of Language Essay

2361 words - 10 pages . "Was Wittgenstein Right?" Opinionator Was Wittgenstein Right Comments. The New York Times, 03 Mar. 2013. Web. Nielsen, Nick. "The Limits of My Language Are the Limits of My World." Grand Strategy The View from Oregon. N.p., 03 June 2011. Web Rysiew, Patrick. "Epistemic Contextualism." Stanford University. Stanford University, 07 Sept. 2007. Web. Russell, Bertrand. Introduction. Tractatus Logico-philosophicus. 1922. London: Routledge & Paul, 1961. 07

Wittgenstein’s Context Principle Essay

2542 words - 10 pages In his Tractatus Logico Philosophicus, Ludwig Wittgenstein makes the following claim “…only in the nexus of a proposition does a name have meaning” (TLP 3.3). This claim is a version of what has come to be known in the literature as the context principle and is taken to assert simply that a word has meaning only when it is within a sentence. An intuitive objection to this principle is that it conflicts with a trait of language called

The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism

1828 words - 7 pages Wittgenstein, considered by many to be one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. One of his main philosophical outlooks was that insight is gained by attempting to neutralise sources of philosophical confusion rather than by attempting to construct quasi-scientific theories of philosophical conundrums. A passage in his work Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus which states his position on scepticism is given as follows : (section

Ludwig Wittgenstein

1424 words - 6 pages Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) produced two commonly recognised stages of thought in 20th century analytic philosophy, both of which are taken to be central and fundamental in their respective periods. His early philosophy in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, first published in 1921, provided new insights into relationships between the world, thought, language and the nature of philosophy by showing the application of modern logic to

It’s All in the Mind

2585 words - 10 pages . (ed.) (1995) Conscious Experience, Paderborn, Ferdinand Schonigh. RYLE, G. (1949) The Concept of Mind London, Penguin (Peregrine) Books. WITTGENSTEIN, L. (Trans ANSCOMBE, G. E.M.) (1958), Philosophical Investigations London, Blackwell. WITTGENSTEIN, L (1922), Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, London , RKP

Questioning the Meaning of Life

2622 words - 10 pages as problematic; and, in so far as they attempt to arrive at `necessary truths' about the ultimate reality of things, they are metaphysical questions and therefore meaningless in themselves. Ludwig Wittgenstein, the famous Anglo-Austrian philosopher, has this to say in his `Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus': `The meaning of the world must lie outside the world. In the world everything is as it is, and everything happens as it does happen: IN it

Cvbcvbcvbcvb

2150 words - 9 pages appears that especially Russell’s theory of the correspondence theory appears to be too simplistic in attempting to discover what truth is, and it is questionable as to whether correspondence theory really deals with the nature of truth, or rather that it is a test for truth. Wittgenstein’s theory of truth in the ‘Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus’ is also similar to Russell’s. He claims that the world is ‘the totality of facts’ (Wittgenstein, 2010, p

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Similar Essays

The Great Work Of Ludwig Wittgenstein On Tractatus Logico Philosophicus

1276 words - 6 pages thought, which is a proposition with sense, since they all—world, thought, and proposition—share the same logical form. Hence, the thought and the proposition can be pictures of the facts” (Biletzki). Wittgenstein's first line in the “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus” states “1.The world is everything that is the case” (29) followed by “1.1 The world is the totality of facts, not of things” (29). Wittgenstein is trying to express that the world

Tractarian Dualism Essay

4002 words - 16 pages Logico-Philosophicus, trans. by D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuiness (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963). (Quotations from the Tractatus throughout this paper are from this translation.) (2) Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, tr. G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1963), I, §36. (3) These various distinctions are made successively in the first half of Frege's famous essay, "On Sense and Reference". Frege's philosophical

Wittgenstein And Russel Biographies Essay

3483 words - 14 pages section (sometimes only a single sentence) receives a number based on its relative importance to the whole. The main statements are given the numbers 1 through 7. Number 1 says "The world is all that is the case"-that is, the world is the totality of facts or situations. One of the essential features of Wittgenstein's early philosophy, as expressed in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus , is that the most basic statements (or elementary

Kierkegaard And Wittgenstein Essay

2647 words - 11 pages perspective of a person debating whether or not to walk to the park, implying by it that this kind of extensive fascination with a topic should permeate our religious lives every moment, not just on Sundays for an hour. Again, as indirect communication, Kierkegaard's irony serves to elucidate his points without coming out and directly saying them. Ludwig Wittgenstein Logical format of 'Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus': In the Tractatus