Wolf Population Control Essay

1597 words - 6 pages

The wolf is an incredibility majestic creature of the wild. Centuries of hunting have pushed the wolf to the brink of extinction. Man decided to bring back the wolf, but it took many years before their numbers came up enough to be taken off the endangered species list. Now the wolf is abundant with overwhelming numbers. In 2009, a law was enacted allowing people to go out to the local Fish and Game office and buy a license to hunt wolves. In Idaho, this only costs eleven dollars and seventy-five cents. Native Americans have a very high respect for the wolf; they have a great love for them and are implemented in their everyday life. They as well as many citizens think that Fish and Game should control the population of the wolves humanly instead of the public going out and killing them for sport.
In 1996 the government brought back the wolf and there was a lot of controversy about the subject. Since people feared the wolf; they thought that there would be more wolf attacks, and livestock lost. The truth is: a person is more likely to get attacked by a buffalo or an elk than a wolf. Their food supply was plentiful at the time of reintroduction so attacks were never a problem.
Wolves weigh around 70-120 pounds, 26-34 inches in height at the shoulder and very lean and powerful. The wolf is a very social creature, which forms a bond with its pack. It is said, “When you look into their eyes, you can see their spirit.” When hunting they will strike as one, as they are very dynamically structured. A pack could consist of 6 or 7 members and as many as 15 wolves. Two members of the pack are parents, and the rest are the offspring from different seasons. The pack usually has a mated pair and their offspring. They care for their young with great pride. They all get along due to the hierarchy. The alpha males and alpha females are the leaders of the pack. They get to eat first, and then the rest of the pack follows. The alpha leaders make all of the decisions ranging from hunting to moving to other locations.
In the 1800s, the ranchers started to take over the land for grazing of livestock. The wolves’ natural food source is the bison, but since the ranchers came they killed all the bison, and replaced them with cattle and sheep. Therefore, the wolves started to hunt their herds. In the 1900s, ranchers, federal agencies and state agencies started the extermination process to get rid of wolves and coyotes. They used rifles, traps and poison. This is not a humane way to kill any animal. They would put poison in the carcass of a cow or sheep so that when eaten, not only would they kill the wolves but any other animal that ate the meat. It could even be hazardous to humans if consumed. This is a very painful way to die. By the 1930s the wolf population was almost wiped out. Park rangers in 1924 came across 2 pups and killed them on site. These were the last known wolves. They had exterminated the wolf population from State parks, National Forests and...

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