This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Wolves: An Unwanted Predator Essay

1249 words - 5 pages

Wolves: An Unwanted Predator

Vigorous as a predator, affectionate toward its pack, the gray wolf elicits both fear and admiration among humans. This fear, along with ignorance, inspired a movement to eradicate the gray wolf from the lower forty-eight states in the early 1900’s. By the early 1930’s, gray wolf populations had been completely eliminated from the Rocky Mountains (Bangs, et al 147). In 1973, congress passed the Endangered Species Act that protected any wolves that naturally migrated from Canada (Bangs, et al 147). Public opinion began to shift and the value of the wolf on the ecosystem was realized. While the public support for a reintroduction increased, there remained many people who opposed the gray wolf. People living in the proposed restoration areas feared that the gray wolf would threaten both their livelihood and their personal safety. The reintroduction of the gray wolf to the Rocky Mountain Ecosystem should not be carried out because it bends the rules of the endangered species act, interferes with the wolves’ natural migration back to the ecosystem and introduces a new threat to livestock in the area.

The reintroduction of the gray wolf to the Rocky Mountain Ecosystem distorts and disregards the laws of the Endangered Species Act. The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in 1973 to protect endangered species and their necessary habitat (McMurray 52). The purpose of listing a species as threatened or endangered under the ESA is to prevent that species from becoming extinct. The ESA implements recovery plans that stipulate specific regulations and restrictions regarding the threatened species and its habitat (McMurray 52). Under this act, any wolf that migrated to the United States from Canada would be protected. When the United States Fish and Wildlife Service reintroduced the gray wolf to the greater Yellowstone Ecosystem in 1994 and 1995, they listed the population as an “experimental nonessential population” so that it was not covered under the ESA (Li). The ESA states that “to establish a population under section 10(j), the population must be ‘wholly separate geographically’ from any already existing wolves within the experimental area” (U.S. Congress sec 10). Since wolf populations had already established themselves as far south as central Montana, this geographic isolation of the experimental population could be compromised (Bangs, et al 150). Since there is no way to differentiate a reintroduced “experimental” wolf from one that is protected under the ESA, this “experimental population” posed a threat to the safety of the wolves that had naturally migrated to the area. Listing a wolf population as experimental reduces the effectiveness of the ESA to protect the wolves that have returned on their own.

Consequently, reintroduction of the gray wolf in the contiguous United States inhibits the natural migration of the wolf to the Rocky Mountain Ecosystem. By the early 1930’s, gray...

Find Another Essay On Wolves: An Unwanted Predator

Should the Wolves Stay in Yellowstone National Park?

2018 words - 8 pages the endangered species list and should be reintroduce back into the wild in the United States. This was not an easy issue; it took 20 years before ESA was passed and allowed wolves back into the United States. Now that wolves have been in Yellowstone National Park for more than 10 years, the government has taken the wolves out of the ESA because of farmers’ and hunters’ demands. They did so with stating that the wolves have exceed over 300 and not

Wolf Predations. This paper discusses four hypotheses to explain the effects of wolf predation on prey populations of large ungulates

1731 words - 7 pages need to be conducted to find an ideal model of the effects of predation. Bergerud andBallard (1988) stated 'A simple numbers argument regarding prey:predator ratios overlooks the complexities inmulti-predator-prey systems that can involve surplus killing, additive predation between predators, enhancement andinterference between predator species, switch over between prey species, and a three-fold variation in food consumption ratesby wolves.' Dale

Big Bad Wolf

2180 words - 9 pages Wolves and humans have an ongoing battle between one another. Hunter vs the hunted, humans are always the hunted and the wolf the hunter, but in an amazing turn of events humans take matters into their own hands and become the hunters, demolishing the danger that hunts them, the wolf. Wolves have been depicted as voracious killers, for as long as I can remember, and we humans are the prey they seek, victims of their sharp teeth and thirst for

Effects of Wolf Predation

1641 words - 7 pages obtained from field studies. It was concluded that thepredation limiting hypothesis fit most study cases, but that moreresearch is necessary to account for multiple predator - multiple preyrelationships.The effects of predation can have an enormous impact on theecological organization and structure of communities. The processes ofpredation affect virtually every species to some degree or another.Predation can be defined as when members of one species

The Yellowstone Wolf Controversy

1463 words - 6 pages ask, would ranchers have a problem with the reintroduction of a native species into a National Park? Well here are some good reasons, for one, the wolf is a predatory animal that finds the easiest type of food source available. What is easier than an animal that has been domesticated and no longer has natural predators? From 1995 to 1998 there have been 9 head of cattle and 132 sheep killed by wolves. The wolves that have killed livestock

Conservation Biology

2432 words - 10 pages with subjects that relate to conservation biology. An example of predator control can be seen in the park’s initiative to manage wolf populations in order to in turn control the elk populations. The gray wolf was also listed by the ESA as an endangered species soon after introduction initiatives began. Although the species was recently delisted, during much of the time of the project it was considered endangered. The removal of gray wolves from the

Wolves in Ireland

1379 words - 6 pages this area. Overall we need to decide what we want from our wilderness but this essay will discuss the reasons why wolves should be re-introduced and the problems we will face if they are.At first we should face the questions as to why wolves should be re-introduced. With the loss of the wolf from Ireland, which came about as a result from the Cromwellian campaign to hunt and eliminate them, the natural predator of Ireland was thus lost. This

Humans and Animal Extinction

1424 words - 6 pages hunting of the wolves’ altogether. While the state allows the use of dogs as an aid in wolf hunting, a judge has issued an injunction against the use of dogs. While many believe using dogs to aid in wolf hunting is humane, the numbers show otherwise. “State records show that since 1985 wolves have killed 192 dogs that were being used to hunt other animals” (Mertens). While dogs may be used in Wisconsin to aid in wolf hunting there is no proof to

Grey Wolves

2142 words - 9 pages in the cool temperatures during dawn and dusk. Theyusually travel at an average speed close to five miler per hour,but they can run up to 25 miles per hour. Wolves, like mostcanids, are digitigrade with five toes on front feet and four onhind feet. They are equipped with short, thick claws that givethem good traction for running.Wolves are very well-equipped for the hunt. They have 42teeth that are backed up by incredibly strong jaw muscles

Wolves In The Highlands

1076 words - 5 pages protect the regenerating forest caused a great amount of controversy when over 500 deer were killed and carcasses moved by helicopters. Locals were disgusted by the brutality of it and gamekeepers felt their jobs were being threatened. The re-introduction of wolves would provide a natural predator and reduce massive arguments and issues like this. Biologists noticed that the reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone National Park had a huge impact

Wolf Population Control

1597 words - 6 pages The wolf is an incredibility majestic creature of the wild. Centuries of hunting have pushed the wolf to the brink of extinction. Man decided to bring back the wolf, but it took many years before their numbers came up enough to be taken off the endangered species list. Now the wolf is abundant with overwhelming numbers. In 2009, a law was enacted allowing people to go out to the local Fish and Game office and buy a license to hunt wolves. In

Similar Essays

Ninemile Wolves Essay

833 words - 4 pages have a soul like humans, and their spirit has an effect on the Ninemile Valley. In the begging chapters the first set of wolves were found on a rancher’s property, the rancher let them stay long enough for the pups to mature; a month later, after attacks on dogs and calves, probably by coyotes, the wolves were removed, kept in captivity for several weeks and released. One pup escaped, and then was captured; the other two died of starvation. The

Wisconsin Gray Wolf Essay

646 words - 3 pages Wisconsin Gray Wolf Walking through the forests of northern Wisconsin, one may have the fortune to hear the haunting howl of the gray wolf, rising and falling in the cool air. This majestic predator has long inhabited the wilderness of Wisconsin but was nearly wiped out by human imposed threats. Since the gray wolf’s disappearance from the state, great lengths were dedicated to bringing the wolves back. Through dedication, education, research

Reintroducing Wolves To Yellowstone And Idaho

1209 words - 5 pages were not being chased by a natural predator the herds were able to graze on the saplings for an extended period of time. By eating the new saplings the trees were unable to grow into mature trees()()()(). The inability of the tree to maturer combined with the overgrazing on river banks caused the rivers to erode the banks. The rivers eventually become wide fast flowing torrents instead of slow meandering habitats for smaller animals. Hunters and

Predator Killing Essay

1390 words - 6 pages dollars worth of damage to his livestock, and cost him another 10,000 dollars to buy traps and to hire men to kill the bears. (Martin) Killing Predators Won’t Lead to Extinction People killing predators will definitely not put populations on the endangered and extinct lists. Grey wolves were once on the endangered list, but were taken off in 2009 when they had an estimated 3000 living in Minnesota. Since they’re removal from the endangered list