Women And Alcohol Essay

3726 words - 15 pages

Women and AlcoholIn this assignment I had been given the task to choose a client group and a drug, or group of drugs, which may be misused by that group. Then review the available evidence relating to prevalence and critically analyse the treatment options available along with their theoretical underpinnings, and finally debate the issues from a harm reduction standpoint. Thus, I have chosen 'Women' as my client group and 'Alcohol' as the drug which may be misused by that group.So, broadly speaking, what is 'alcohol abuse'? And what is 'alcoholism'? There is a slight difference between the two terminologies. A fairly recent publication provided by Athealth.com, a leading provider of mental health information, defines 'alcohol abuse' as 'a pattern of drinking in which a person uses alcohol in a way that is harmful to themselves or others.'Alcoholism or alcohol dependence is more seen as a disease. The World Health Organisation's definition of 'Alcoholism' (1952) read in part:'Alcoholics are those excessive drinkers where dependence on alcohol has attained such a degree that it shows a noticeable mental disturbance or an interference with their bodily and mental health.'Similarly, Keller's definition (1960) in Faugier and Kennedy (1989 p.56) also refers to the disease model:'Alcoholism is a chronic disease manifested by repeated implicative drinking so as to cause injury to the drinker's health or to his social or economic functioning.'The weaknesses of such definitions are that they avoid the exact explanation of the word and concentrate on the effects of the condition. The most common features of alcoholism are described by Gossop (2000 p.78) as: (i) an increased physiological tolerance to alcohol; (ii) withdrawal symptoms and craving when alcohol is not available (iii) inability to drink moderately.It is generally agreed that in our society there exists a double standard in respect of attitudes towards male and female alcoholics and indeed towards the mere consumption of alcohol by the two sexes. Sclare (1970 p.75) commenting on this says:"Both moderate and excessive drinking on the part of the female have until very recently been regarded as unladylike, even reprehensible, and in general as being less acceptable and more tinged with immorality than masculine drinking."In recent years, however, there has been a positive change towards the acceptability of female alcoholics. In relation to the level of alcohol consumption by women, the first thing to say is that men's alcohol consumption in the UK far outweighs that of women but according to recent researches and official surveys women's drinking is on the increase, whereas men's drinking is fairly stable.Kent in Collins (1990 p.97) providing evidence of women drinking considerably more in Britain than they have in previous generations states:"In England and Wales , there was no significant change in male drinkers' consumption between 1978 and 1987, whereas women's drinking increased...

Find Another Essay On Women and alcohol

The Effects of Alcohol on the Body

1783 words - 7 pages among people of all gender, and age each year. Every year alcohol is responsible for 1/2 of all murders, accidental deaths, and suicides; 1/3 of all drowning, boating, and aviation deaths; 1/2 of all crimes; and almost 1/2 of all fatal automobile accidents. (Alcolimit.com December 4). The amount of alcohol consumed by each gender differs. Men are more likely to drink, and they drink more heavily than women, though in some cases it is vice

Why The Drinking Age Should Be Hept At 21

651 words - 3 pages damaged. That leads to coordination problems and can result in driving accidents, falls, and other injuries. But not only the brain and the motor functions are impaired. The heart, which is one of the most important organs in our body can also be attacked by the alcohol. Drinking causes a change in the heart vessels. In the long run it can lead to heart attacks and heart failures. Alcohol can also become dangerous for women who are pregnant. Women have

What are the Positive and Negative Effects of Alcohol?

2225 words - 9 pages is know to make people very red and irritated around the neck and face. Flushing is caused because the body is unable to produce enough acetaldehyde enzymes which help the breakdown of alcohol in the body. This is a negative effect of alcohol.The rate at which people absorb and metabolize alcohol varies for certain reasons. Men are able to tolerate, or absorb more alcohol, than women because men, on average, have more muscle than women. Muscle and

teen abuse

816 words - 3 pages Alcohol Abuse Reviews: Volume 5 Addictive Behaviors in Women. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 1994. pp. 97 123.CROWEL, N.A., AND BURGESS, A.W. Understanding Violence Against Women. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996.4) www. niaaa.nih.gov5) www.nhtsa.dot.govPAGE 5

The Banning of Alcohol

1463 words - 6 pages . Banning alcohol would also mean a reduction in crime. According to NIH Senior health alcohol affects men and women differently. In general, older men are more likely to drink alcohol compared to other women. But women of all ages are often more sensitive than men to the effects of alcohol. It has also been said that drinking alcohol for a longtime is more likely to damage a woman’s health than a man’s health. According to the Research done by the

Excessive alcohol consumption--its effects and so

2051 words - 8 pages Excessive Alcohol Consumption- Its Effects and Social Acceptance Rumors and old wives' tales such as stress makes women heavier drinkers, divorce prompts heavy alcohol use, people drive better when they are drinking, and teenagers are the main group of drunk drivers, are being thrown at today's society left and right in an effort to blame the other guy. With all the talk about alcohol use and abuse these days, people are lost between fact and

Alcohol: Just a Drink Instructions were to pick a topic you're passionate about and write an essay.

886 words - 4 pages One night, as the Smiths were driving home from the their eldest daughter's wedding, their other two children--Billy and Sally-- much younger, sat quietly in the back reflecting on the evening's festivities. All of a sudden something crushed into the car. The only thing the children could remember were their parent's horrified screams and the sound of broken glass. The other driver was drunk. Alcohol is a widely used substance with even bigger


657 words - 3 pages ounce of pure alcohol every hour. Alcohol has different effects on each person. The effects depend on a person's weight, age, sex, type of alcohol, mood and expectations. Women are also effected faster than men because they have more body fat. Fat absorbs alcohol poorly. If alcohol is taken with other drugs, the effects can be very serious and maybe lead to death. When you combine alcohol with drugs, the effects are multiplied and

Alcohol Advertisements Exploit Younger Crowds

1258 words - 5 pages exploitation. It is fairly easy for alcohol advertisers to exploit younger crowds. They often place alcohol ads in the mass media with do have a significant underage audience. For example, Jane magazine targets women in their twenties, which allows the magazine to advertise such restricted products, as alcohol and tobacco. However, Jane Magazine also has a big readership of seventeen or eighteen year old girls. When it comes to editorial

Abuse and Alcoholism

1272 words - 5 pages type of alcohol-regular beer, malt liquor, table wine, and “hard liquor.” (http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/standard-drink). The last section that I focused on is the “Moderate & binge drinking” section of the main topic “Overview of alcohol consumption.” This section touches on the definitions on what “moderate or ‘low-risk drinking’” is and the differences between men and women for moderate or low-risk

Social Work With People With Substance Problems In Scotland

4071 words - 16 pages of the female have until very recently been regarded as unladylike, even reprehensible, and in general as being less acceptable and more tinged with immorality than masculine drinking."FindingsIn current years, though, there has been a optimistic change towards the suitability of female alcoholics. In relative to the level of alcohol expenditure by women, the primary thing to say is that men's alcohol expenditure in the UK far outweighs that of

Similar Essays

Women: Alcohol Addiction Essay

2233 words - 9 pages to drink more likely than women, the side effects that women are more prone to suffer not only affect themselves but also the children they bear (Wilkinson, 1970). As a legal drug in the United States, alcohol joins the many chemicals that bring harmful effects upon the body. Alcohol has been known to affect every organ in the body of the person who consumes it and has the potential to damage a developing fetus (National Institute on Drug

Alcohol Dependence Essay

1133 words - 5 pages is becoming widespread in the US. Many people consider alcoholism and alcohol abuse to be the same. However, a person who abuses alcohol does not crave alcohol or become dependent on it. The alcohol abuser has a pattern of excessive drinking that results in poor judgment and recurring social, legal, or professional consequences of the abuse. Prolonged alcohol abuse often leads to alcoholism. Although it is possible for men and women alike to

Drinking Alcohol Causes Sexual Assault Essay

1313 words - 5 pages consumes alcohol, it can cause her to ignore or miss a cue that an assault is possible or likely to happen (Antonia, 1991). Alcohol can also keep a woman from realizing that her friendly behavior is being misperceived as seduction. Studies have shown that intoxicated and sober men are inclined to misperceive friendliness as a sign of sexual interest, so this is a great danger to women (Stanford University, 1999). Alcohol consumption can also

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay

2515 words - 10 pages It has been a long battle with doctors and nurses educating pregnant women to refrain from consuming alcohol. The reason is due to several researches which have indicated that alcohol is the main cause for this condition. According the American Academic of Nurse Fractioned, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome means a person who abuse alcohol during her pregnancy resulting in a child with mental , physical, social, psychological problems. The term Fetal