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Women And Depression Essay

650 words - 3 pages

Depression affects different people in different ways. One of the major differences in depression is gender, though there has been no discovery of a certain trait or attribute that causes this. According to the journal article “Gender Differences in Depression” by Susan Nolen-Hoeksema, women are more than twice as likely to develop depression as men. Yet it’s not that way throughout the human lifespan. At a young age, boys and girls are equally unlikely to show signs of depression. When girls hit puberty, however, that changes. Several theories are attributed to this drastic change, including the dramatization of social acceptance and appearance. Once girls reach late adolescence, they are reportedly twice as likely to develop depression as boys. This continues throughout adulthood, though the amount of depressed people may vary.
Women who were victimized at a young age show an increased rate of depression. This could be attributed to the feeling of helplessness brought on by a traumatic event. The coping styles that are regularly used by women tend to be less effective in actually relieving stress. A common coping method used by women is “rumination” (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2001). Rumination is a coping method where the individual will contain all of the negative emotions inside of themselves, allowing their woes to fester into a chronic problem.
One major reason for the high rate of depression in women is their biological response to stressors. Traumatic events during childhood can lead to “poorly regulated biological response(s) to stress” (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2001).While early research contributed the increased amount of depression in females to ovarian hormones, recent research shows that while there is minor correlation, ovarian hormones do not have a large impact on depression in women. However, adrenal hormones do have a larger effect on the response to stress, which can be attributed to depression. Women are more likely to have a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which may cause the release of hormones like...

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