Women And The Enlightenment Vs. Patriarchal Society

1245 words - 5 pages

Before the 19th century women suffered a great deal of abhorrence, relegation, discrimination and subjugation. The traditional women roles were limited to the categorical imperatives of society. Women lacked equality and humanistic significance based on these roles as a domesticated women. The types of jobs accessible were being a housewife, procreating children, being payless maids, a secretary, and anything else considered an inferior occupation subjected under the dominated males, particularly in the European and American society. The sheer scope of America social patterns and local policies separated men and women; but the ones that suffered the consequences of those outlooks were women. There was the recurrent mental and physical maltreatment and ill-willed abuse, which was complicated for women to oppose because society conditioned women to be vulnerable and numerous consequences, would have followed. For example: total isolation from male members of the family, possible religious punishment, and social shunning. Fortunately, there was a revolutionary movement that altered the benign traditional roles that brought much profit, which enabled women to step out of the traditional gender roles and into more androgynous role; that movement was worldly known as the Enlightenment.
The Enlightenment was a cultural movement of reasoning and intellect which began in the late 17th century in Europe emphasizing individualism and reasoning rather than tradition. The purpose of this movement was to modify society and apply reasoning to challenge the ideals of faith and tradition and advance the traditional knowledge through the scientific method. This stimulated scientific reasoning and thought as well as human thought. This enabled intellectuals to re-assess the current principles, analyze the irrational attributes of each principle and to alter those principles to rational principles and to render evidence in reasoning to keep those novel roles. Basically, people wanted to be accustomed to fairness, rationality, and nonpartisan thinking with the results rendered evidence.
The famously named philosophers who contrived this new way of thinking were Baruch Spinoza, Francis Bacon, Pierre Bayle, John Locke, Isaac Newton, and Voltaire. They all applied their ideas of government known as the enlightened absolutism. The Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution closely intertwine because its discoveries rescind traditional concepts and offered a new perspective of nature. Also, the ideals of American and French revolution encouraged the social reformers to organize a broader perspective of liberation for women and the slaves of African descent.
During the 18th century we notice that the enlightenment triggered an aspirational way of thinking concerning women. They started to think more independently, more rationally about the future objectives and how it would be optimally beneficial for people in the future. With all these fine influences of gradual...

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