Women And The War Ww1 Essay

1164 words - 5 pages

During World War 1 women played a major role in helping with the war effort. Although wars are considered a man's business; this is untrue due to the fact that without women the war would not have been able to proceed in success for the US. Women helped in many departments such as helping aid soldiers overseas by becoming nurses. They enlisted into the war, and lastly managed the businesses and jobs while the men were away fighting. This was an important time in history for women by proving that they can take over the men's jobs and do more than house hold work and taking care of the children.
Women in the First World War served as nurses overseas. In 1917 when the declaration of war was made against Germany the first action was sending Army nurses to set up six base hospitals with British Expeditionary before American troops sailed over. Nurses were in two categories, the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) and the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (FANY). The VAD were unpaid volunteers that were usually from the wealthier class. They had basic medical training and were not able to give the soldiers shots, but would often spend their time comforting the injured or dyeing soldiers. The FANY which was established in 1907 by Captain Edward Baker would do tasks such as scrubbing and disinfecting rooms that soldiers would be treated in, disposing of bodies, organizing baths for front line soldiers, going into combat to get casualties, were trained in cavalry work and would drive make shift ambulances. Most nurses aligned themselves with the American Red Cross, Salvation Army and YMCA organizations to help soldiers overseas. During the war nurses could be found in countries such as France, Belgium, England, Siberia, Italy, Serbia, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. They worked in field hospitals, on the front lines of battles, troop trains, transportation ships, mobile units, evacuation camps and convalescent hospitals. Beyond the battle field nurses were helping during the flu epidemic in 1918 when 675,000 Americans and more than 20 million people worldwide lost their lives. Of the 200 nurses that died overseas, a majority was from the flu epidemic. Nurses in the war lived a very uncomfortable life that was hard and heart breaking. Overseas nurses faced cold weather, long hours, little privacy and shortages of water for bathing and laundry. In 1917 there were 403 nurses on active duty, but by 1918 more than 12,000 nurses were serving at 198 worldwide stations. New schools were created to train nurses and in 1925 the Army School of Nursing was authorized by secretary of War Newton D. Baker. Annie W. Goodrich was the Chief Inspector Nurse of the Army and the first dean of the Army School of Nursing. Without nurses there would have been little medical help and more deaths in the influenza of 1918. Women were a dominant source of help in World War 1.
Women not only served as nurses but enlisted to fight on the front lines with men. The Naval Ac of 1916...

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