A. Plan Of Investigation
The purpose of this investigation is to establish ways in which black women and white women’s involvement in the abolitionist movement influenced the women's movement. The evidence will investigate and identify which events ultimately influenced the women's movement and why the were so influential. Primary and secondary documents will be used and analyzed with respect to their origin, purpose, value and l potential limitations; which will aid in the evaluation of collected evidence. Documents will include books and websites that contain t chronological accounts of important events. Analyzing and summarizing the documents and/or evidence will essentially aid in the formulation of a concluding statement which reveals the ways in which the actions of the women during the time of the civil war influenced the women's’ movement.
B. Summary of Evidence
The womens abolitionists movement was essentially the birth of the American women’s rights movement that lasted from 1858-1920 (Leonhardt 2.A). Womens abolitionism during the time of the civil war was a movement intended to prohibit and end slavery in the states; done by trying to educate the public on the immorality of slavery. These women that joined forces with male protesters helped condemn slavery, calling for an end to the “peculiar institution” (Leonhardt 2.A). It was through women's’ involvement, organization and preparation that some women were able to become some-what respected leaders in the women’s movement.
Female abolitionists, white and black, were less than intimidated by the public attitude of white males who claimed that women's’ protection should be found necessary at all times during the fight to end slavery(Beecher). Catharine Beecher’s the “Duty of American Females” states that She yields the power which God has given her for protection, and her character becomes unnatural. We say these things not to discourage proper influence against sin, but to secure such reformation as we believe is Scriptural” (Beecher), which essentially unveiled resentment that male protection of females should be found unnecessary (Beecher).
Despite essentially fighting for the same cause, male abolitionists opposed a public role for female abolitionists, in that some held antifeminist views. This “women’s issue” complicated quarrels among abolitionists regarding tactics in the religious and political spheres; which inevitably led to a division between the dissention.
b.1. Sarah and Angelina Grimke
Of the many influential female abolitionists, Sarah and Angelina Grimke were two white reform sisters who were active and outspoken-often targeted by men for speaking up and out against abolition and women's’ suffrage. (Berkin) The Grimke’s worked together, amongst other women, to abolish slavery and defend women’s rights; the first women to speak at a Massachusetts lecture to an audience of men and women ( i.e 1837). Angelina wrote an appeal to the Christian...