This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Women In Leadership Positions Essay

2062 words - 9 pages

Information failure exists when some or all of the participants do not have complete information about the situation at hand or when one participant knows more than another; there is an asymmetry of information among different parties. This is the core of the problem that exists in the labor market for top leadership positions and that leads to major barriers for women leaders. There is a lack of women in top leadership positions to provide incumbent leaders, who are more generally men, with complete information on the competence of women leaderships.
Exposing people to competent women leaders positively changes their beliefs on the ability of women to be successful in high-power positions ...view middle of the document...

If preferences are malleable, people update their stereotypical beliefs in the face of new information (Boisjoly et al., 2006). Such was the case in a field experiment by Boisjoly et al. (2006), which demonstrated that university students with roommates of different ethnic backgrounds increased their support of affirmative action. When people are in frequent and continuous contact with women leaders, it is increasingly difficult to discount the counter-stereotypical information.
Recent studies (Beaman et al., 2009; Dasgupta and Asgari, 2004) have shown that increased exposure to competent women leaders reduces many of the gender biases that were strongly present in the past. This shift in gender beliefs is being found in lab settings as well as in the field. Dasgupta and Asgari (2004) examined the effect of frequent exposure to women in leadership positions among female students in the form of professors at women’s and coeducational colleges. They found that seeing counter-stereotypic women caused the students to automatically associate women with leadership characteristics. Furthermore, these associations were found in the long run, as students expressed stronger association of women with leadership characteristics following a year.
This effect is not limited to women in lab settings. The opinion of men on women in high-power positions evolved as they were faced with increased exposure to competent women leaders. Beaman et al. (2009) found that gender mandates in the election of pradhans, chief councilors, in India had two main effects on society. It improved men’s, as well as women’s, views of women leaders and it generated greater confidence and assertiveness among women candidates. By exposing voters to competent women pradhans through previous use of mandates, women were more likely to run and win unregulated elections if previous female leaders had been elected by mandate. The observed effects are evident after two cycles of elections demonstrating that the changes occur over time, and with repeated and frequent exposure. Yet, the fact that there is a significant shift in the evaluation of women leaders in a predominately patriarchal society shows the powerful effect of such exposure to changing attitudes of competent women in leadership.
Similarly, Duehr and Bono (2006) observed a significant shift in the perception of female managers by both male and female managers who had previous positive experiences with female managers in the past 30 years. Participants were evaluated on seven conditions including women and men in general, women and men managers, successful women and men managers, and successful middle managers (the control) (Duehr and Bono, 2006). The results of their study were compared with that of Heilman et al. (1989) to assess changes in mean adjective ratings for the seven conditions examined. Results showed significant improvements in the evaluations of female managers. The study found that both male and female managers...

Find Another Essay On women in leadership positions

Leadership Prejudices of Men and Women in the Workplace

1840 words - 7 pages , strategies men and women use to break through the glass ceiling of a corporation, how workers reach to women in positions of authority versus their male counterpart, leadership prejudices amongst workers in leadership positions, and studies analyzing the success of women versus men leadership. Both men and women face inequality within the workforce. Even though numbers are slowly rising in the United States, there are still more men in

Historical roles of men and women in leadership

1198 words - 5 pages While analyzing professions held by men verses those held by women through history, the concept of history that needs to be observed is a vast period of time. For if all or most of known history about humans is not taken into consideration, then much of present day analysis of leadership gender roles might actually start to make sense. The previous sentence was not an error in thought or printing. Much of modern analysis of gender perspectives

Glass Ceiling

666 words - 3 pages , especially in major urban centers” (2000, p. 9). Therefore, more women entered the workforce looking for a career and not just a paycheck. By the 80’s, the percentage of women gradually increased, however, the destabilization between men and women was still evident. Thus, “in businesses where women dominated the workforce, they were still being excluded from leadership positions” (2000, p. 10). Therefore, the feminist movement played an intricate

Disparities in Higher Education: Leadership and Gender

3212 words - 13 pages of Sheryl Sandberg’s best-selling book, “Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead,” higher education researchers Kelly Ward and Pamela Eddy applied the book’s content to women in higher education. According to Ward and Eddy (2013), women “lean back from the ladder of academic progress, promotion, and leadership because of a perception that advanced positions in academe are not open to women, and particularly women who hope to make time for a

African American Female Leadership

1074 words - 4 pages obviate by society which rarely recognized the efforts of black women. The observation of a modern United States society reveals that although American women are currently dominating middle management positions, their presence to in top level management is minimal. According to Ginka Toegel, a professor of organizational behavior and leadership at the International Institute for Management Development, While there is a slight upward trend in the

The Pros and Cons of Women Leaders in The Workforce

2064 words - 8 pages Women, in today’s society are facing dilemmas in different occupations as they become more suitable for leadership positions. “Traditional definitions of leadership are challenged by the changing demographic of society in the United States, increasing numbers of women in leadership roles in the counseling profession, and shifting expectations in the workplace” (Levitt 66). Although, women status has improved over the past century, they are still

Leadership and women

1145 words - 5 pages most effective (Bass, 1990). Three types of leadership styles were also studied to see what constituted effective leadership. Firstly, Bass, 1960, described autocratic leaders as those who used their power to force their followers do a job. They used their power or position to influence their followers and they made others to expect a reward if they complied and punishment if they did not (Bass, 1960, 1990). Women in leadership positions were very

Leading Ladies

1689 words - 7 pages held the desirable characteristics of a manager more so than women. In the 1980s, her work demonstrated that males continued to hold the view that men were more suited to management positions than women, while females had shifted to seeing the sexes more equally suited for a management role. Schein concludes that having more women in those leadership positions will break down the barriers even further, allowing continued progress in leveling the

Gender And Leadership

1766 words - 7 pages the majority of women in management have held lower level positions, they have acquired these leadership styles (Fagenson, 1993).Other studies have provided additional support for the organization-structure model, for example two studies conducted by Snodgrass showed that both same and mixed-gender dyads consisting of a supervisor and a subordinate pair, individuals in the subordinate role, regardless of gender, were sensitive to leaders than

gender

936 words - 4 pages identify who the leader of the group was and the majority of people had trouble identifying the women as the leader (Valian, 2004). Our gender schemas have made it hard to identify women in leadership positions which is something a professor is, they are a leader. If women are not to be perceived as women then they may not actually work in academia due to not feeling as if they could be leaders or not.

Contribution essay about leadership

875 words - 4 pages PAGE ContributionIntroductionAs the society becomes increasingly modernized, the equality between men and women is constantly being discussed. In my contribution, I will explore how should female obtain more leadership positions by utilizing their unique leading styles. Doing so will help to reach the equality between the two genders. Hopefully, this paper will raise the awareness that male leaders and female leaders should be treat equally

Similar Essays

The Perceived Challenges Of Women In Leadership Positions That Prevents Them From Climbing The Corporate Ladder

2430 words - 10 pages The Perceived Challenges of Women in Leadership Positions That Prevents Them from Climbing the Corporate Ladder Introduction For years, women have encountered gender bias in the corporate environment. Men have dominated the workplace making it difficult for women to advance in power and leadership. Gender bias has become problematic for the career oriented women creating barriers such as stereotyping, job advancement, power imbalance, and

Military Women Should Not Be Allowed In Combat Positions

1652 words - 7 pages that only men be put in these roles. Only a select few countries allow women in ground-combat situations, seen in the statement that “Australia is the latest nation to lift all restrictions on the positions in which women can serve in the armed forces, joining Canada, New Zealand, and Israel” (Gajewski, 2011). Many military officials have found ways to circumvent this law, and have placed women in these roles with the thoughts that it could be

Women And Men In Leadership Essay

1618 words - 6 pages females are better leaders, societal barriers to success for female leaders often get in the way of women reaching leadership positions as easily as men do. These barriers include being expected to adapt to traditionally male-oriented models of leadership, being held to different standards than men in leadership positions, and walking a fine line in the workplace when trying to conform to what is expected of them as leaders. The key points of

Men And Women In Leadership Styles

888 words - 4 pages female scholar. Consequently, women began taking aim for positions as physicians, attorneys, engineers, and practitioner (p. 10). The women’s movement quickly spread through multiple groups and professional organizations pushing to enforce laws prohibiting discrimination against women in the work force. However, the trend of women in leadership positions remain repressed. In the 1990’s, business and organizational leaders witnessed an impressive