Women's Liberation Movement Essay

1073 words - 4 pages

"Analise, discuss and evaluate the nature of the women's liberation/ suffragette movement in the 20th century. To what extend was it successful in achieving its aims? What effect did it have on us today?"Before the 20th century, women had no political rights whatsoever. They belonged 'in the kitchen' as was always said. In the 20th century women started wanting to change things. They wanted to be equal to men and treated equally by men. They wanted the right to vote and started campaigns addressing issues such as reproductive rights (including abortion), domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, sexual harassment, and sexual violence. This essay will explain when the women's liberation movement started and what they're main aims were. It will also discuss how it has changed us today and to what extend it has been successful.There is no accurate date when ideas about women's rights started. The movement is generally said to have begun in the 19th century. The organised movement is dated from the first Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. There was also a special suffragette movement, set up by Emmeline Pankhurst. She was very devoted and passionate towards 'the cause' as they called it. "She dedicated her life to women's struggle, and was not afraid of vocalizing opinions and using bold methods to achieve her goal." Suffragettes aimed to reveal the institutional sexism in British society. They're organization was called the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). All over the world different organizations were founded at different times. In China certain social groups started with anti foot binding for girls and set up the first girls school in Shanghai.The main aims of women were to gain the right to vote, have an equal pay for equal work as men and to be treated equally. Other very important aims were to gain reproductive rights, control over domestic violence, maternity leave and stopping of sexual harassment and sexual violence. Suffragettes specifically focused themselves on the right to vote. There are also suffragists. The difference between the two is that suffragettes often used a more radical and militant approach in gaining their objectives. Suffragists wanted to achieve their aims in a more peaceful way by peaceful protests and the spreading of newspapers and has their own organisation called the National Union of Suffragist Societies (N.U.W.S.S). Suffragettes are known for repetitively getting prosecuted and imprisoned. "Although they seemed less active than the W.S.P.U., the N.U.W.S.S. were active in trying to convert public opinion. Unlike the Suffragettes, Suffragists welcomed male members in an effort to convince more men to their point of view." Whilst in prison, many of the women went on hunger strikes. Which led for them to be force fed. They used this as an argument to show how cruel men were to them.By the 20th century many countries started to grant women the right to vote. Especially in the...

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