Since the creation of time women have always had to submit to the power and authority of men; starting with ancient civilizations such as Egyptian and Greek and up to the Renaissance period women had always come second to men. The powers in government, roles in society, and duties at home during these two time periods have moderately transformed over time but continued to be suppressed by the male dominant figure leading up to and through out the Renaissance period. Therefore continuing to limit the advancement of women by creating an unequal and mediocre social order.
Ancient Egyptian women had more freedoms and rights than most women had in other ancient civilizations. The women of this era had different roles and freedoms and whether it was in government, society, or at home they were significant in shaping who they were at that time. When it came to government laws Egyptian women had the same rights as men; women during this time could manage, own, and sell private property’ they could also trade, negotiate, and inherit property. Unlike women in other ancient civilizations such as Greece, women in Egypt could play a role in the court system; they were able to institute litigation, appeal to the court of the vizier, awarded legal decisions, and could act as legal witness in a court of law. Women could go out in public without a male guardian and more ordinary women worked alongside male family members as midwives, beer sellers, healers, market sellers among other things. Women in ancient Egypt had the opportunity to have as much freedoms as they could possibly have; and unlike women in other ancient civilizations they were able to inherit money without a male guardian overseeing it.
Even with all the freedoms that were given to women in this time, only a handful of women had the opportunity to rule Egypt either as queen, pharaoh, or regent; two of the most well known women to accomplish these titles were Hatshepsut and Cleopatra. Hatshepsut was at first seen as regent to her stepson, Thutmose III, and later she proclaimed herself Pharaoh of Egypt. During her long reign she had managed to bolster the economy through trading expeditions to foreign lands and instituted an ambitious building program. Cleopatra of course is better known because of her story being told by Shakespeare and taken out of proportion in Hollywood. In reality she wasn’t as beautiful and exotic as most people would think, and Cleopatra was more than just love affairs with Roman leaders; she was intelligent, sharp witted, and further endeared herself to the Egyptian people by her ability to speak their language. Although, she was the last ruler of Egypt and the mistakes that she did cost her country to give in to the rule to the Roman Empire, at least she tried to keep her country together.
Society in ancient Egypt was shaped by the social status of the woman which includes royal, middle class, and slaves. Royal women included...