Women's Prisons Essay

1101 words - 5 pages

Women’s path towards incarceration tends to a totally different path than that of their male counterparts, according to the NIC in a study in 2003. The majority of women who end up in prion have a dependent that they are the primary caregivers of. According to the study conducted by the NIC, “80% of women who enter prison are mothers, nearly 85% of those have custody and 70% of women who enter prison have at least one child under the age of 18,” (Schmalleger, p 454). According to the book Criminal Justice Today, “one out of four women entering prison has either recently given birth or is pregnant,” (Schmalleger, p 455). As of the year 2010 women accounted for 7% of the prisons, both federal ...view middle of the document...

Once the female is sent to prison they normally go to an all-women’s prison, however, sometimes women are sent to a special wing for just women inside of a men’s prison (Schmalleger, p 457). Women’s prisons tend to not have all the same available options than that of men’s prisons an example being that they have fewer options of work (Schmalleger, p 457). Women’s prisons also have fewer disturbances such as riots or all out brawls like men’s prisons (Schmalleger, p 457). Not only that institutions built to house women just aren’t designed for women very well (Schmalleger, p 457). It is also more likely that a female entering prison has a substance abuse problem (Schmalleger, p 457).
According to Ney with the American Jail Association more women have experienced past trauma or abuse of some sort throughout their lives more often than not (Becki Ney). Just as well because of these traumas such as sexual abuse, substance abuse and even mental health problems these women are more likely to have problems adjusting to prison life (Becki Ney). As a result they could end up acting up in prison and have a hard time adjusting to prison life (Becki Ney).
Women’s past relationships can also be a factor as to whether or not they may engage in criminal behavior (Becki Ney). Women’s relationships and connections to others could be an influence to future criminal behavior as well (Becki Ney). The classification system that jails and prison systems use to designate an offender high or low risk: is not specifically designed with women in mind (Becki Ney). Say for instance a high risk women would technically be more or less than that of a medium risk man: just as well a medium risk woman would only be classified as a low rick male (Becki Ney). The reason that women have less of a risk than men is because women are less likely to reoffend than men are (Becki Ney).
Living life inside a women’s prison is different than it is inside men’s prisons. Women’s prisons are more of a family type setting more than anything. Not all women participate in this sort of kinship but studies have shown that about...

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