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Women's Right To Vote Essay

2002 words - 9 pages

The late American activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton once said, “The prolonged slavery of women is the darkest page in human history”. Years after Elizabeth played her role in the women’s suffrage movement, her relentless efforts finally paid off. The Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote, was passed by Congress on June 4 1919 and at last ratified on August 18 1920. The Nineteenth Amendment goes on to say that, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex”. An almost century long struggle had officially ended, and women had ultimately achieved equality with men.

The battle for women’s right to vote started way before it was officially recognized. In fact, most of the women coined for starting the movement did not live to see the movement’s final victory. Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B Anthony, and Lucretia Mott amongst numerous others, paved the way for the display of gender equality we see today. Moreover, the women’s suffrage movement was said to have begun on July 19 1848 at the First Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York. An estimated amount of three hundred people attended the convention held at the Wesleyan Chapel. Here women discussed the disadvantages faced in life due to sex discrimination and introduced the “Declaration of Sentiments”. Resembling the Declaration of Independence it declared, “We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”. This convention was a breakthrough for the movement with activist like Frederick Douglas speaking on their behalf. Women were more than ready to be heard and no longer wanted to be reduced to traditional gender roles. Stanton and Anthony formed the National Women Suffrage Association in 1869, and the American Women Suffrage Association formed by other activists, like Lucy Stone soon followed. Although the amendment first went to congress in 1878, it was ultimately defeated. It would take several attempts and struggles before the House of Representatives approved it in 1918. Further, the Senate then passed the amendment in 1919, which left it up to the states approval. Meanwhile, Tennessee was the deciding factor in the amendment being ratified finally. At last, years after the marches, hunger strikes, and even being jailed women received the victory they had been waiting for.

Notably, Susan B Anthony was one of the countless women who jeopardized their freedom in order to make a difference. On November 1 1872, Anthony along with her three sisters and eleven other women were registered to vote in Rochester, New York. At first, the election inspectors refused to allow the women to register but Anthony persevered. By quoting the fourteenth Amendment, Anthony argued that women were...

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