Women's Role in Science and Technology
Women have played an important role in the development of science and technology, but there is an insufficient number of females in those career fields. Technological change has affected the roles of women and gender role ideas. Women without doubt came a long way improving the numbers and increasing the percentages in the workforce of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) but the statistics say the numbers are still less than those of men. Women have been struggling since the early ages trying to advance in knowledge, however, for some of them gender roles set did not enable them to continue their education.
Many people think there was not women scientist and engineers until the early modern times, but actually women have participated for over 3000 years in those fields of study. Its known women have been part of activities relating to science dating back about 6000 years. The names of many women are not known and most of them were from the Middle East; the earliest names recorded were from Egypt. Merit Ptah lived around 2700 B.C, she was a chief physician. Another name is Tapputi-Belakellima, she was a chemical engineer who lived around 1200 B.C. There is also proof women built two of the structures of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world. As stated in the article Early women scientist and engineers, " It may come as a surprise to many readers to find out that there is historical evidence to indicate that two of those great architectural and engineering structures of the ancient world, the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, were built by women, and that women not only commissioned their structures, but many also have participated in the design." It is certain, women have played a salient role helping society improve since the ancient times.
During the 1900's there were barely any job opportunities for women. The only jobs that they could take was ether school teaching or manual labor. By the 1960's there were more jobs related to science and engineering available for women and their participation increased from 17% to almost 40%, (Women’s Employment & Work Activity from 1900 to 1965). Women's employment and the need for engineers and scientist raised in 1940 due to World War II. There were about 945 female engineers, but when the war was over, there were about seven female engineers. There has also been segregated employment by the federal government. The following graphs show the percentage of women employed during 1938 and 1968. It shows that there has been some improvement in this matter.
In 1946 there were 950 women in engineering and in 2003 there was 172,300 (Women’s Employment & Work Activity from 1900 to 1965). Women have made significant changes over the decades, but they are still by far outnumbered by men. One of many reasons why women's participation...