Womens Liberty According To Mill Essay

2436 words - 10 pages

Woman as a Victim of LibertyRevealing the applications of J.S. Mill's notorious essays, On Liberty, Utilitarianism and The Subjection of Women, exposes ideological merits crucial to the understanding of the efficacy, or inadequacy, of social morality and capability; neither of which are mutually exclusive. In reducing the philosophy to a manageable intensity and modern applicability, an illustration can be drawn in consideration to the employment procedure. How, for instance, would Mill address the hiring process if a male employer were to select the employment of a female applicant over a male applicant, with the same credentials, based on the understanding that, though the female worker may need more personal days in order to care for her family, she will be less likely to demand pay increases or bonuses. In addressing this topic, while affirming observations through reference to the text, it will be crucial to note whether Mill's concepts have survived modernization and if they are in fact contemporarily relevant. Exploring the scenario will require a strict analysis of Mill's essays, starting with On Liberty and finishing with The Subjection of Women.On Liberty concerns itself with the implications and responsibilities of people's opinions and behaviour, which, as Mill argues, should not be influenced through legal coercion or social pressure. In other words, liberty parallels the ability to progress and avoid social stagnation. In spite of this, it is difficult to ignore the binary role of the contemporary woman. In the example of the female employee, she is typically bound to a social cognitive that is of the conviction she should be predominantly committed to her role as a nurturer while allowing her position as a provider to languish. It is through this paradigm that women have suffered a lack of unified opportunity. As Mill would contend, the people with power exercise it over those without power. In doing so, a majority may try to consciously oppress a minority. Located in the origin of the contemporary woman, we find an example of how public opinion can cause a hindrance to individuality. The internalized conception of the female caregiver has limited her ability to identify, both with society and with herself, her uniqueness. This lack of individuality has played a primary role in the development of the intrinsic belief that a female employee will require more family time than a male employee. Although the employer may find sanction in his hypothesis, he may be disappointed to note that "over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign". Thus, according to On Liberty, the female employee may be as inclined to request raises and bonuses as a male employee. In accordance with Mill's argument, he also notes that there is a liberty of tastes and pursuits. Conversely, it is also revealed that society has an ever increasing tendency to demand conformity, since true freedom means pursuing individual good as long as it...

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