Woodrow Wilson Essay

1450 words - 6 pages

INTRODUCTION Woodrow Wilson was the 8th president of the United States between the years of 1913-1921, he led the United States during World WarI.Wilson's belief in international cooperation through an association of nations led to the League of Nations and was to the United Nations. For his effort in this, he was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize for peace. More than any president before him, Wilson was responsible for increasing United States participation in world affairs.A political notice who had held only one public office before becoming president, Wilson had political skill. He was a brilliant and effective public speaker, but he found it difficult to work well with other government officials, he stood on every disagreement. He was, a private, a warm, fun-loving man who went right to his ideals. But the lenght years in office, a illness, and the public's idea following World War I changed Wilson's image to humorless crusader for the League of Nations.HIS EARLY LIFE Wilson was born to religious and educated people, mainly of Scottish background. His grandparents on both sides emigrated to America in the 19th century and stayed in Ohio. Wilson's father, Joseph Ruggles Wilson, studied for the clergy at the Presbyterian-directed College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. He married Janet Woodrow, and early in the 1850s the Wilsons moved to Virginia, where he taught at Hampton-Sydney College. In 1855 he became a minister of a church in Staunton.Civil War When he was three years old the family moved to Augusta, Georgia. His early boyhood was happy but very sheltered by the close family things of the Wilsons. Wilson had a good singing voice and played the violin. When he had a family of his own, he carried on the tradition he had inherited of common prayer and sessions of music and songs. The Civil War was difficult for the Wilsons. Dr. Wilson was an Confederate sympathizer, and young Wilson witnessed the behavior of federal troops who, under General William T. Sherman, took over Georgia and South Carolina. Wilson believed all his life that the South had "absolutely nothing to apologize for," so far as its secession from the Union was concerned. He believed that the South's willingness to shed its blood.Education Wilson's was educated partly at home and partly at private schools in Augusta and, after 1870, in war Columbia, South Carolina, to where they moved. In 1874 they moved again, to Wilmington, North Carolina.Like his father, Wilson had great ideas for English letters and history. Also like his father, he held William Gladstone, the British Liberal prime minister, to be the greatest 19th-century statesman. The young Wilson took a moral and religious attitude toward society.ENTRY INTO POLITICS Colonel George B. Harvey, editor of Harper's Weekly, was shifting Wilson's interests from the academic life to politics. Colonel Harvey was a conservative, an enemy of the elements in the Democratic Party. Wilson's personality and his views as...

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