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Woodrow Wilson Verse Franklin Delano Roosevelt

1464 words - 6 pages

QUESTIONS FROM INSTRUCTOR: During the first half of the twentieth century, two major global conflicts shattered the country's notions of peace and stability, prompting the United States to send money, munitions, and troops overseas. For this essay, consider the ways in which Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Delano Roosevelt approached foreign war.First, what is the background of these two presidents? Who were they (personality/education/family etc.)? What were their political ideologies? (A better essay should include any political and military experience they had as well as their personal views of war)Second, concerning each of their respective world wars, what were their public stances before the United States entered the war? (specifically, what political position(s) did each of these US presidents take before the US declared war and why) Why did they eventually commit to U.S. involvement/declare war? In what ways did they attempt to mobilize domestic support, and how successful were these efforts? You need to discuss at least two specific examples each for their reasons to commit US troops as well as for their mobilization efforts (4 total for each President's approach).Last, in your opinion, who was the more successful wartime leader and why? Who conducted America's role better and orchestrated the war to its conclusion with greater acumen? (Think carefully about your answer--focus on the leader and his actions/policies overall rather than the specific outcome of the wars themselves to determine who you think was most proficient during America's time of war).MY RESPONSE:Thomas Woodrow Wilson was the twenty-eighth president of the United States from 1913 to 1921, whom endorsed significant reform legislation and led the United States during World War I. He was a political novice who had held only one public office before becoming president, and he possessed great political skill. He was a brilliant and effective public speaker, but he found it difficult to work well with other government officials, from whom he tolerated no disagreement. He was, in private, a warm, fun-loving man who pursued his ideals. But the strain of years in office, a tragic illness, and the public's disappointment following World War I transformed Wilson's image to that of a humorless supporter for a weak League of Nations.Wilson's belief in international cooperation through an association of nations led to the creation of the League of Nations and ultimately to the United Nations. For his efforts in this direction, he was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize for peace. More than any president before him, Wilson was responsible for increasing United States participation in world affairs.Wilson was born to religious and well-educated people, mainly of Scottish background. Wilson's father was Joseph Ruggles Wilson who studied for the clergy at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University). His mother was Janet Woodrow. In 1856, in Staunton Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born, he was...

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