Work Centrality And Hofstede's Four Dimensions

754 words - 3 pages

1) Discuss the concept of work centrality and its implications for motivation. Use specific country examples and discuss the relative meaning of work in those countries.The relative importance of work compared to that of leisure, community, religion, and family is known as "work centrality." It is the "degree of general importance that working has in the life of an individual at any given point in time."In Japan, work is accorded a very high value according to research. The Japanese consider work to be important as a source of income and a way to keep one occupied. They don't necessarily see it in aesthetic terms as do people in the Netherlands and Belgium, who, nonetheless aren't keen on the notion of work. Studies show that those nationalities who value work as enjoyable and fulfilling don't tend to be as work oriented. Although Americans don't rate as highly work oriented, they seem to balance out the pragmatic and aesthetics of an occupation. They value work as a sign of prestige along with the Germans, who are much more highly work oriented.2) What are the implications for motivation of Hofstede's research findings on the dimensions of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity?High-power distance suggest motivators in the relationships between subordinates and their boss, whereas low power distance implies that people would be more motivated by teamwork and relations with their peers.High uncertainty avoidance implies a need for job security and low uncertainty avoidance means that people would be more motivated by more risky opportunities for variety and fast-track advancement.High individualism means people would be more motivated by opportunities for individual advancement and autonomy; collectivism, rather than individualism, suggests motivation will be more likely through group goals and support.High masculinity suggest that most people would be more comfortable with traditional division of work and roles; in a more feminine culture, the boundaries could be looser, motivating people through more flexible roles and work networks.7) How can we use Hofstede's four dimensions-power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity-to gain insight into leader-subordinate relationships around the world? Give some specific examples.Countries that rank high in power distance are more likely to prefer autocratic leadership style and some paternalism because they are more comfortable with the clear distinction between managers and...

Find Another Essay On Work Centrality and Hofstede's four dimensions

Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Opinion Paper

1525 words - 6 pages What do you make of Hofstede's cultural dimensions? Do you find them to be a useful tool in International Business?Between 1967 and 1973 Professor Geert Hofstede surveyed over 100,000 IBM employees in 49 different countries about their preferences in terms of work-related values. The result was a number of seminal works on cultural values and differences published during the 1980s and 1990s. These results have had a profound influence on the

Identify and discuss the sources of conflict related to the culture of the country or countries where your Company does business? Discuss why these conflicts occurred and who was involved.

829 words - 3 pages bidding war with Callaway Golf and Bridgestone.In Lieh-Ching Chang's discussion of Geert Hofstede's cross-cultural research, the four dimensions of culture models are introduced: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism-collectivism, and masculinity. One more dimension was added into Hofstede's model called Confucian dynamism to help differentiating Chinese from Western cultural values.The last addition allows us to understand that

Factors Influencing Learning Effectiveness

6665 words - 27 pages four dimensions of organizational culture, among which his fourth dimension "power orientation" are something that Hofstede did not investigate. Power oriented organizations intend to play a dominant role in the industry and thus reduce competition. While competitive and aggressive, they are not particularly socially responsible. These organizations are characterized by their strong intension to control over the market, the competitors, and their


1450 words - 6 pages get the business to a successful start overseas. Looking at what comparative advantages the Czech Republic has will identify any opportunities for Steve to take advantage of in his business. An evaluation of Hofstede's four primary dimensions will assist Steve in assessing the business environment for cultural differences in business, and possibly opposing customs and protocols. In addition Steve will have to research any trade barriers, and

Culture: How to impact on business operation of the company that you choose

4180 words - 17 pages cultural differences and synthesizing cultural similarities are those performed by Geert Hofstede, a Dutch researcher who studied 116,000 people working in dozen of different countries(Hofstede 1981). Hofstede's work identified four important dimensions along which people seem to differ across cultures. These dimensions consist of (1) Power Distance, (2) Uncertainty Avoidance, (3) Individualism and Collectivism, and (4) Masculinity.3.1.1 Power

The Cultural Challenges Of Doing Business Overseas

2570 words - 10 pages . Evaluation of Czech Business Culture Applying Hofstede's Four Primary Dimension Hodgetts and Luthans are defined Culture "is acquired knowledge that people use to interpret experience and generate social behavior. This knowledge forms values, creates attitudes and influences behavior."According to Hodgetts's research, there are four

Managing Across Culture, a diverse workforce and organizational issues.

3542 words - 14 pages losses. In Chinese culture, planning for the future generation is very common and this is why the LTO values are very high.Exact value for all dimensions can be found on the appendix 1.2.0 Managing a Diverse WorkforceAs globalization trend increase, so has the need for diversity management as the work-force has become increasingly diverse. Managing diversity is not just about fostering good relationship between people of different culture; it is

Case Study - JKL International plc. International Human Resource Management

5016 words - 20 pages ). Second, beside the language usage, all management decisions are made by supervisors in business context. Furthermore, Russian basically have a slow time sense and they intend to work collectively (Harris, Moran and Moran, 2004, pp.497-500). In Hofstede's national culture demonstration (Appendix D), Russia has a higher power distances, lower individualism, higher uncertainty avoidance and no long term orientation compared to UK and USA. From a report

Culture diversity and International Business Management

593 words - 2 pages Geert Hofstede gathered data from 53 different national cultures. The study revealed that the 53 countries differed along four cultural dimensions; power distance, Individualism - collectivism, masculinity - femininity, and uncertainty avoidance. (R. N. Sanyal, 2001) Power Distance reflects the degree to which a culture believes how institutional and organizational power should be distributed and how the decisions of the power holders should be

X-Pharmaceutical Laboratories / Saudi Arabia; a Glance at the Organization’s Culture and Affected Communication, Motivation and Change.

3248 words - 13 pages sales and marketing departments as in Fig 1. There are just four levels of hierarchy in X-Lab/Saudi Arabia including 24 senior managers and the general manager, however, the organization fits a tall structure description more because these mangers report to their super ordinates at Paris headquarters. Nearly 85% of the employees hold line functions leaving the remaining 15% staff-department under much work load and pressure that often creates

Culture shock.

3443 words - 14 pages issues to alleviate any potential or hindering problems.In order to evaluate cultural similarities and differences a great deal of emphasis has been placed on value orientation studies, including models by Kluckhohm and Strodtbeck's (1985), Hofstede's (1982) software programming and instruments and validations of dimensions (Refer to Appendix C). The extensive studies on country clusters carried out by Ronen and Shenkar (1985) and the Wayzata

Similar Essays

Compare And Contrast Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Of Australia And One Other Country

2251 words - 9 pages and impact of culture on International Human Resource Management (IHRM). It starts by comparing the cultural dimensions of Australia and China, and then deals with the methodological and limitations of Hofstede's research process, as well as the application of the findings to the human resource management function.Hofstede's model of cultural traits identifies five dimensions of culture that assist to explain why people from various cultures behave

Sex Work And The Law: A Critical Analysis Of Four Policy Approaches To Adult Prostitution

1810 words - 7 pages Throughout Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution Frances Shaver discusses the need for change for women working as prostitutes. Shaver explains the ongoing problem surrounding prostitution in Canada and provides four possible ways to resolve the issue in her work. Three well thought out points Shaver writes about are the health benefits as well as personal safety for the women in the sex

Use Specific And Real Examples Of Differences Between Countries To Evaluate The Usefulness And Limitations Of A Model Of Cultural Differences.

1774 words - 7 pages . Organisational culture is the way people in an organisation relate to each other, the way they relate to their work and the way they relate to the outside world (ITIM). There are different dimensions in Hofstede's model because there are distinct concepts for culture. A nation is more diverse than a company and a national culture in some aspects reflects the way an organisational culture is built on due to what the people in the organisation grew up to

Cultural Challenges In Doing Business Overseas

1180 words - 5 pages . Although Hofstede's four primary dimensions give Steve a common idea on the Czech Republic, this evaluation does not guarantee that Steve's business will be successful in Czech society.Trade barriers Steve needs to be aware ofSeveral barriers Steve needs to be aware of and prepare for the bad outcomes. U.S. Department of Service reported, "the Czech Republic is lack of transparency in public tenders, inadequate bankruptcy laws, slow and sometimes