Employee Motivation And Capitalism Essay

2332 words - 9 pages

Motivation according to Kelley (2014) is the ‘process through which managers build the desire to be productive and effective in their employees’. If an employee is motivated, they are more likely to be productive and generally staff turnover is low. The problem of worker motivation is that workers are not seen as humans, they have a lack of freedom at the workplace and lack of job fulfilment. Taylor and McGregor Theory X argue that there is not a problem with worker motivation, workers will be obedient because of fear of losing their job motivates them to do well. Whereas Maslow and McGregor’s Theory Y argues that there is a problem with worker motivation because of class conflict between the worker and the manager. The worker is after more than just economic benefits, they long for personal fulfilment and freedom. A Marxist view is that the managers are exploiting the workers and that there is class conflict. This essay will outline and identify if there is a problem with worker motivation, and will introduce a brief description of motivation and capitalism. If problems are identified with worker motivation possible solutions will be provided. The essay will go into detail about Maslow and McGregor’s theories X and Y and refer to Taylorism. Lastly a conclusion will be made on the more befitting and justifiable argument.

According to Casey et al. (2012) motivation stimulates people to do things with the use of ‘incentives’. Intrinsically motivated behaviour is when a person performs well for his or her own sake. Whereas extrinsically motivated behaviour is when motivation arises from necessities for security, job and pay (Casey et al, 2012). According to Petroni, A, & Colacino, P (2008), there are three methods used to motivate workers, which include ‘formal structures, incentives and informal management techniques’. An example of motivation is when production workers began tracking their performances in an attempt to break the record (Haefner, 2011). Their highest record was set when the workers continued to work after their shift; they decided to no longer take their breaks. The reason for this success was changing management style from Theory X (does not trust workers) to Theory Y (does trust workers). This shows the impact freedom can have on employees and how it motivates them to work harder to increase production and output.

To understand the problem of worker motivation we must understand Capitalism. Capitalism involves conflicts of interests between management and workers. According to Knights and Willmott (2012) Marxism is when workers are described as a ‘social animal rather than a self-seeking individual’. They further state that production is motivated by the ‘pursuit of profit and the accumulation of capital’. This shows that managers are more interested in profit than workers needs. Similarly Taylor states that motivation comes from money and profit for management, whereas workers would...

Find Another Essay On Employee Motivation and Capitalism

Relate employee motivation, and managerial attitudes and behaviors, to employee attitudes and job satisfaction in your organization. Relate this to the motivation theories in your readings.

1399 words - 6 pages has on a teams motivation, where the managerial attitudes and job satisfaction impact negatively on a successful team.Case StudyI feel well placed to comment on this problem, and will attempt to be as objective as possible, my reason for highlighting this is I was the first member to leave this team, after only being 'managed' by this senior manager for a few months, in fact within a week of them joining the PCT I had already decided to look for

The title is Employees will work harder if you... This is about employee motivation. The importance of employee motivation and the proper way to motivate.

1761 words - 7 pages , whether it being from intrinsic or extrinsic methods, contribute to psychological internal needs. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory that places basic human needs into five categories, from a physiological and psychological standpoint (Campbell & Quick, 2003). Motivation within the work place would fall into the esteem category of Maslow's hierarchy, because an employee must experience a sense of belonging before he/she will ever feel like a

Employee Motivation The political, economic, social and technological environment all impinge on the effectiveness of business

3979 words - 16 pages , responsibilities and to assign individual goals and objectives to each employee.3.Regular meeting to be held in order to assess performance against goals, to discuss any training development and general issues and set in place new goals.4.Evaluate and communicate levels of staff motivation annually and put in place a system for following up on problems.BibliographyJ, Adair. (1973) The Action Centred Leader. London, McGraw-Hill.M, Armstrong. (2001) A

Employee Empowerment and Motivation

1160 words - 5 pages Employee empowerment is "the process of enabling or authorizing an individual to think, behave, take action, and control work and decision making in autonomous ways. It is the state of feeling self-empowered to take control of one's own destiny" (Heathfield, n.d., 1). In other words, giving the employees the power and ability to make decisions that affect not only their department but the company as a whole as well. Empowerment has become an

: the basic functions of Human Resource Management: planning and forecasting human resource requirements, recruitment and selection, appraisal, evaluation and employee motivation. UOP: MGT 431

1799 words - 7 pages This summary paper provides a full description and analysis of the Human Resource Management (HRM) function. Included in this paper are key topics discussed in this module: the basic functions of Human Resource Management: planning and forecasting human resource requirements, recruitment and selection, appraisal, evaluation and employee motivation. Additionally, this paper addresses employee quality of life and productivity programs and

Examine two contents theory of motivation that you familiar with and explain how this theory might help manager to motivate employee.

1931 words - 8 pages Psychologists have defined the term "motivation" in a variety of ways. According to "world book dictionary" it means the act or process of furnishing with an incentive or inducement to action. M.R. Jones (1955) has stated that:"motivation is concerned with "how behavior get started, is energized, is sustained, is directed, is stopped, and what kind of subjective reaction is present in the organism while all this is going on" (Edward E. 1973 : p

Worker Motivation in Capitalist Economies

677 words - 3 pages In this essay, I will be discussing whether or not there is a problem with worker motivation in capitalist economies. However, before I relay my answer, I must define both motivation and capitalism within the context of this essay. In the book, Motivation and Work Behavior, the authors share their thoughts on motivation. They conclude, “When we discuss motivation, we are primarily concerned with (1) what energizes human behavior, (2) what

Martin Ritt’s Norma Rae

894 words - 4 pages Martin Ritt’s Norma Rae Martin Ritt’s Norma Rae portrays the plight of the Southern factory worker during the 1970’s. As the film progresses and Norma Rae fights for her rights, it is difficult to believe that economic system under which she works is that of capitalism. Yet, the very idea that she is able to advocate for her self and for others, as workers in a factory with the support of a union organizer, demonstrates the role of the

This essay is about the upsides and downsides of capitalism and why it isn't the utopian government that many people believe it to be.

1793 words - 7 pages Capitalism is defined as a system based on private control of capital. A purely capitalist government has a free market and allows people to make money any way they see fit, unless it infringes on the rights of another citizen. The problem with capitalism is that it gives people too much freedom. Capitalism uses profit for motivation, profit brings out the worst in people, it makes people greedy. The combination of greed and freedom is what

Citizenship ans Capitalism are inevitably opposed to one another

978 words - 4 pages Capitalism and Citizenship are without doubt a incompatible. Citizenship endeavors to establish equalities within our society but in contrast capitalism does the complete opposite, causing divide and creates inequalities within our society. Citizenship can be defined as " a status which is bestowed on those who are full members of a community" (Marshall 1983). Citizens are said to, according to Marshall(1983), be equal in all respects

Motivating Others

588 words - 2 pages Running head: MOTIVATING OTHERS PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 MOTIVATING OTHERS PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 5 Motivating OthersMotivating OthersThe success of any business can always be traced back to motivated employees. From profitability and productivity to innovation and hard work it always leads to employees. An important factor that drives an employee to want his or her job is motivation. Unfortunately, motivating people is not an exact science. Some

Similar Essays

Employee Motivation Theory And Practice

1389 words - 6 pages Employee Motivation - Theory and Practice      What is motivation? Motivation is difficult to explain and even harder to 'turn on' in people. Webster defines motivation as ?an act or process of motivating; the condition of being motivated; a force, stimulus, or influence: incentive or drive? (?Motivation?). It is most often the job of the manager to use motivation to drive employees to accomplish acts which they normally would not have done

Job Satisfaction And Employee Motivation Essay

1100 words - 4 pages Job Satisfaction and Employee Motivation Abstract The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how motivation is instilled in the workplace with co-workers and oneself. In addition, objects that make the job satisfying will be discussed. Body Motivation is something that can come and go in an instant. The workplace often can be a fun and enjoyable place, but other times it can be the pit of hell. Not only do most of us cope

Employee Motivation And Effective Job Performance

1342 words - 5 pages play throughout adulthood (Lekes, Gingras, Phillippe, Koestner & Fang, 2009). In addition to providing structure, consistent rewards and punishments must exist to reinforce that behavior. These traits learned throughout adolescence are detrimental for managers in determining employee motivation methods and effective job performance. For thousands of years, humans have strived for independence. Moses’ people fleeing the Egyptians and Pilgrims

Employee Motivation And Its Role In Modern Management

892 words - 4 pages its concern issues and interests. It needs only a moderate financial commitment of top management's time, but can generate surprisingly preferred high returns if it is smartly done on a relatively unusual, regular (as needed) foundation ("Employee Motivation", 2013). The complexness of the problem of motivation maintains the attention more and more, showing the fact that it is vital to know the motivational aspects that make sure job fulfilment