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Working Conditions, Living Conditions And Child Labor In Great Britain During The Industrial Revolution

980 words - 4 pages

The Industrial Revolution was a time of great change in Great Britain and the rest of the world. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the enclosure movement, and a need for efficient living. Then, many factories began to emerge and people started to work at factories instead of at farms like they were used to. The first factory was the textile factory. The people that worked at these factories had terrible working conditions and living conditions. Children had to do the more dangerous, difficult jobs like coal mining and fixing broken machinery. The reform movements of the 19th century were a response to the working conditions, living conditions, and child labor found during the Industrial Revolution.
The working conditions found during 19th century Britain were a response to the Industrial Revolution. (DOC. 2) suggests the tough working conditions while coal mining during 19th century Britain. Coal mining was also a terrible issue during the Industrial Revolution because it often decreased the average life span of the coal miners 10 years. It was dangerous because of the frequent accidents, damp conditions, and constant breathing of coal dust. The coal miners during the Industrial Revolution were mainly women and children. (DOC. 5) suggests the idea of changing the working conditions to turn it into a more manageable level. During the Industrial Revolution, the workers eventually began to form unions which would allow them to strike for better working conditions and more manageable working hours. (DOC. 6) talks about how legislation tries to improve the conditions and make labor more manageable but always ends up in a reduction of the worker’s wages or deprives them of employment. The working conditions were not only uncomfortable to the workers, but were often dangerous to their health. The factories were often very unsanitary and the dust from the machines would fill up in their lungs and could be dangerous to lung functions. The work days lasted for 14-18 hours a day and were 6 days a week adding the difficult life of the workers. Work didn’t change based on seasons like it did on the farm. Instead, the work remained the same week after week, year after year. Also, if a worker got injured on the job, then they would often get fired as was true with 19 century Britain.
The living conditions found during 19th century Britain were a response to the Industrial Revolution. (DOC. 3) suggests the terrible living conditions during the Industrial Revolution. By studying the picture, you can see the factory in the background and that factory probably emits smoke which could be bad for health. Also, by looking at the streets in the picture, you can see how dirty the streets are and you can understand the poor conditions. Due to these bad conditions, you can see that diseases like cholera spread and that life was...

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