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Workplace Health Safety And Welfare Nebosh Essay

573 words - 3 pages

Hazard – Source, situation, or act with a potential to cause harm to people, damage to assets, or an impact on the environment or reputation. (Defined in OHSAS 18001:2007)
Risk – Combination of the probability (likelihood) of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposures and the consequences (severity) of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposures.
Risk Assessment - – Process of evaluating the risk arising from a Health and Safety hazard, taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and determination of appropriate measures to control risks.
Probability – Is the extent to which an event is likely to occur.
Consequence – Is the outcome of an event effect on people, the environment, plant and equipment and which may cause financial or business interruption there can be more than one consequence from one event. Consequences can be expressed qualitatively or quantitatively.
Acceptable Risk – Risk that has been reduced to a level that can be tolerated based upon risk matrix.
Event - Is the occurrence of a particular set of circumstance. The event can be certain or uncertain, be a single occurrence or a series of occurrences and the probability associated with the event can be estimated for a given period of time.
Hierarchy of Control
Most
effective
at eliminating/controlling hazard and risk
Elimination (Design Change)
Substitution
Engineering (Guards, shields)
Administration
(Procedure, Training, Tool Box)
Personal
Protective
Equipment
Least effective
at eliminating/controlling hazard and risk
Risk Management Framework:
Establish the context
Identify Hazards
Analyze Risk
Evaluate Risk
C
ommunic
a
te &
C
o
n
s
u
lt
Mo
ni
tor
&
R
e
v
i
e
w
Acceptable Level Yes
No
Treat
Risk
Record
Define Process to Analyze
Identify...

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