Nowadays the most of works need to motivation because this works want to get
high quality .However, there are some problems which face so many people during
the motivation . So there are a lot of theories appeared to help people to get the
best motivation. What is the motivation .To reply this question that means you can
understand the motivation also you can know how do you deal with problem
motivation. There are a lot of definitions for motivation some people make briefly
definition for motivation ,that is the motivation that pushes person to do some
things . Moreover, there also are anther of definition ,One of these definitions define
by (Robbins, 2001, p.155) he states “ motivation as the processes that account for an
individual’s intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal”.
The definition shows that there are three factors influence on motivation that are
intensity, direction and persistence. This essay is going to assess these theories and
show the advantages and disadvantages of each theory. These theories called
hierarchy of needs, ERG theory and two-factor theory. The goals of Maslow's theory
show basic human needs, that influence people behaviours.
These needs also work to control behaviour . (Glassman and Hadad,2004,p.155)
''This emphasis on motivation seems to reflect the influence of psychodynamic
Model on Maslow'' . Maslow found group able on influence our behaviour.
According to Maslow, motivation is a power that force the person to work.
Maslow divided the human’s requirements into five layers into pyramid form .Firstly
he began with Physiological requirements because he thought it is mine point in the
pyramid because any person can not live without physiologist for instance food and
air. Secondly Safety needs help people to live more satisfyingly.
What is more they feel stability in their life. That means they can continue their life
normal form. Thirdly love and Belonging work to make enjoy human life moreover
person feel strong while belonging, for example mother or father love their children,
also the children feel power because they belong to their family. Fourthly esteem
provide life object of stricture and linking life such as children respect parents also
students respect teachers. Finally self-actualization after achievement all these
needs ,the person will starts in search for self realization to give the best of what he
or she has and use all his powers develop to the limits of very high. Maslow
consider that the person can not be in motion to other layer of pyramid before
attain all needs in that layer. There are arguments for and against to this theory is
focus on psychology in his studies .In addition, this theory is basic to other theories.
nevertheless, he uses vague expressions in his theory. Furthermore, Maslow did not
base his research on tangible evidence.
Clayton Alderfer consummate a...