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Works Of Naturalism Essay

805 words - 4 pages

“Why should he cling to life? he asked, and dropped the blazing stick into the snow. It sizzled and went out. The circle grunted uneasily, but held its own. Again he saw the last stand of the old bull moose, and Koskoosh dropped his head wearily upon his knees. What did it matter after all? Was it not the law of life?” (London 752). This is a direct quote from the book “Law of Life” by Jack London. It is a fine example of naturalism, which is a philosophical understanding that we are completely secluded in a single, physical universe. It is said that Charles Darwin was a huge influence on Naturalism. Although Darwin’s theory was not done on humans, natural selection is still quite similar to Naturalism. The Naturalism movement began during the time of WWI that uses devices such as realism, pessimism, theme, and irony.
Stephen Crane was a writer known for his Naturalistic writing in poems. Realism in Crane’s poems is very definite. For example, in his poem “In the Desert”, Crane writes about a creature in the desert. He talks about the creature and how it eats its heart. The creature says “It is bitter – biter,” he answered; But I like it, because it is bitter, and because it is my heart.” (Crane “In the Desert”). By Crane using this example of realism he is trying to get across to the reader that one may like and should like his/her heart no matter how bitter or how sweet, but because it is one’s heart. This relates perfectly to society today. Realism is used to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment shape human character.
Pessimism is a bold trait of Naturalism and is a trait that authors use the most. Pessimism shows the negatives instead of the positives. It is a tendency to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen. “If I am going to be drowned – if I am going to be drowned – if I am going to be drowned, why, in the name of the seven mad gods who rule the sea, was I allowed to come thus far and contemplate sand and trees? Was I brought here merely to have my nose dragged away as I was about to nibble the sacred cheese of life?” (Crane 725). Through this quote the author portrays...

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