World Hunger Philosophy Of Ethics Paper Philosophy 120

1796 words - 8 pages

Today in the world there are many that face starvation. There are many organizations that are helping these poor countries so that they can feed their people but, there are also some that believe that there is no obligation to help them. While some believe that to help them there need to be no hesitation due to the fact that instead of spending money on objects that are not needed, that money need to go help those that are in need. On the other hand, there are some that believe because of overpopulation there is no way to help them because in the long run it will cause more harm then it will cause any good. The three views that will be analyzed are Singer, Hardin, and Kasun and in the end, will explain why it is correct to help the countries in need.
In Hardin’s article, it is clear that he is against providing food for the countries that are poor. He first begins with an analogy of the life boat. He begins to say how there is a life boat that is at sea and there are fifty people that fit in in this life boat but has the overall capacity of 60. There are 100 other people that are swimming out at sea that need to be rescued. If they take all 100 the boat will break, therefore, they need to take only ten. The main question he asks is if they have to take ten which ten will they take in? How can they choose who to take and who not to take? Hardin uses this analogy to compare to the world today. Claiming that the world only has limited resources and that not everyone in the world cannot be fed. Hardin’s main arguments have to do with the growth of the population and the amount of limited resources as well as the amount of money that it would cost. Therefore, if anyone tried to help the poor countries, it will do more harm than it would do any good. To Hardin there is no obligation to helping the poor nations. As stated by Claire Andre and Manuel Velasquez, “Our moral duty, they claim, is always to act in ways that will maximize human happiness and minimize human suffering. In the long run, aiding poor nations will produce far more suffering than it will alleviate.” As Sanders mentions about the city of Omelas. Where the entire town was happy due to the fact that one child was locked away in a basement suffering. In this perspective, because the poor countries are being helped the overall happiness of the nations that are helping would decrease. As stated by Hardin, “On the average poor countries undergo a 2.5 percent increase in population each year.” If the poor nations are helped, in this argument, the rate of reproduction would increase meaning there would be more demand then there would be supply. Which will mean the rich countries will not have enough in to give to their own and decrease overall utility. Not just in the increase of the growth in the population but also in the amount of money this would cost. He claims that the money needed for this is going to be too much because
Singer, on the other hand, says that there is an...

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