World Issues As Discussed By Lani Guinier, Malcolm Gladwell, And Eric Schlosser.

1260 words - 5 pages

Nick StrykerExpository WritingBill MabeNovember 11, 2002Final DraftPaper 5In "The Power of Context," Malcolm Gladwell explains how situations influence the behavior of human beings. In the essay "Second Proms and Second Primaries," Lani Guinier discusses some of the causes of low voter turnout among the black population in Phillips County, Arkansas. Finally Eric Schlosser, in the essay entitled "Global Realization," offers a ranging explanation of McDonalds' expanding global reach. Gladwell would explain the cause of low voter turnout in Arkansas and the obesity in the United States with the broken windows theory. The broken windows theory can be explained using this example, "If a window is broken and left unrepaired, people walking by will conclude that no one cares and no one is in charge. Soon, more windows will be broken..."(Gladwell, 289) This means that if there is a problem that is left unresolved it will continue to spread until it has caused a sense of anarchy within the scenario. Gladwell would then try and solve these problems by fixing the situation in hopes of fixing the problem.Gladwell would explain the low voter turnout in Phillips County, Arkansas by stating that the black population is unequally represented because blacks are unable to make it to the polls because of their lack of transportation and communication. To understand why Gladwell would make this statement one must understand Gladwell's view. He believed in the idea that little things can make a big difference, and they set the foundation for big problems to come. The little things in Phillips County, Arkansas all contribute to low voter turnout. Some of these problems are: "...42 percent of blacks lack any vehicle, while only nine percent of the white population is similarly handicapped; and 30 percent of blacks - compared to 11 percent of whites - have no phone."(Guinier, 340) Both of these facts state the obvious, that the black population has fewer phones and fewer automobiles compared to the whites. Now that you know the difficulty faced by the black population you can understand why it makes it much harder for the black population to know that there will be an election compared to whites. If the blacks do learn there will be an election it makes it very difficult to get to the voting location without transportation. Both of these two little problems have contributed to the lack of black voters during elections and consequently this is the reason why there has not been a black elected candidate in Phillips County which is the larger problem.Gladwell would explain the obesity in the United States as being caused by many small problems. One problem is there are many types of medias people are exposed to which decrease or distract people from exercising and causing them to sit and watch television while eating. The essay "Global Realization" states "...when people eat more and move less, they get fat. In the United States, people have become increasingly...

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