World Religions: Buddhism Essay

1385 words - 6 pages

"I teach about suffering and the way to end it"BuddhaWorld Religions: BuddhismIn last week paper we discussed about Hinduism, in this paper we will discuss Buddhism. Buddhism is the fourth largest religion surpassed only by Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. One of the main differences between Buddhism and Hinduism is that in the late one there is an strict lifelong caste classification system. The teachings of Buddha rejected the caste social class classification. In Buddhism everybody is permitted to change her/his social class. Buddhism is a peculiar Religion, on one hand, Buddhism philosophy teaches that life is pain and suffering and on the other hand, Buddhism teaches to enjoy every second of our life.Siddhartha Gautama was born around 563 BC in Lumbini, now Nepal. Siddhartha left his family -wife and children-, house, and all possessions to look for the truth of life when he was 29 years old. He lived with India's Gurus and wise men for many years. After long time of studying, he attained illumination and changed his name (Chodzin) to "Buddha (means the awakened one)". He had numerous followers and funded Buddhism. Buddha died in 483 BC in his early 80's.Buddhism PhilosophyThe fundamental principles of Buddhism philosophy are the Four Noble Truths.1. Dukkha: Existence is anguish and suffering. (Bhikkhu, first) "Now this, monks, is the Noble Truth of dukkha:Birth is dukkha, aging is dukkha, death is dukkha; sorrow, lamentation, pain, grief, & despair are dukkha; association with the unbeloved is dukkha; separation from the loved is dukkha; not getting what is wanted is dukkha. In short, the five clinging-aggregates are dukkha."2. Trsna: The origin of suffering is craving or adhering to the wrong things. (Bhikkhu, second) "And this,monks is the noble truth of the origination of dukkha: the craving that makes for further becoming -- accompanied by passion & delight, relishing now here & now there -- i.e., craving for sensual pleasure, craving for becoming, craving for non-becoming."3. Removing the causes of suffering can extinguish suffering. (Bhikkhu, third) "And this, monks, is the nobletruth of the cessation of dukkha: the remainderless fading & cessation, renunciation, relinquishment, release, & letting go of that very craving."4. The way to extinguish the causes of suffering is to follow the Middle Way stated in the Eightfold Path.(Bhikkhu, Fourth) "And this, monks, is the noble truth of the way of practice leading to the cessation of dukkha: precisely this Noble Eightfold Path: right resolve, right concentration, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right view."To end misery: The Eightfold PathThe Eightfold Path is a guideline to ethical and mental growth. The Eightfold Path purpose is to guide and keep us in the correct course to attain nirvana. Buddha's Eightfold Path teaches moderation. If followed one may reach nirvana (end to suffering), Buddhism final goal.Eightfold Path...

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