This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

World View Of Mesopotamia And Egypt

1292 words - 5 pages

Mesopotamia was the birthplace of the world's earliest known cities. The Mesopotamians developed one of the earliest writing systems, along with mathematics and astronomy. Later on developments of this great civilization include the wheel and the sail. They also divided time units into sixty parts which led to the concept of our 60 second minute and 60 minute hour. So this great culture has done so much for humanity, so lets look closely at what they left behind and see which artifact best summarizes their civilization. (1)To look through all the artifacts left behind by Mesopotamia and pick just one that best represents their civilization is hard; however the Code of Hammurabi seems to be the most important artifact that was left behind. The Code of Hammurabi is one of the earliest and best preserved law codes from ancient Babylon. The scene carved at the top of this massive stele shows King Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash. Shamash is most commonly associated with justice. This was due to the fact that the sun dispersed darkness just as Shamash would disperse injustice with his light. Hammurabi believed that Shamash was the inspiration that led him to gather the existing laws and legal procedures into a code. (2)Going back the image on the stele, Shamash is seated on a lavish throne before Hammurabi. His feet rest upon a scale-like pattern which is symbolic of the mountains in the east from which he rises at dawn. He wears a flounced robe and the crown which were characteristic of the Mesopotamian gods and goddesses. In his right hand Shamash is offering Hammurabi the rod and the ring, this was symbolic of kingship and is a gift from the gods. Hammurabi is standing with his hand raised in reverence of Shamash.This artifact represents the Mesopotamians rules, taboos, beliefs, religions and economic structure. It has to be the most substantial artifact that the Mesopotamians left behind. This history behind this great artifact takes us to the once great ruler Hammurabi. Hammurabi was a first dynasty king of the city-state of Babylon, and inherited the throne from his father, Sin-muballit. Though many cultures co-existed in Mesopotamia, Babylonian culture gained a degree of prominence among the literate classes throughout the Middle East. Babylon began taking over smaller cities around Mesopotamia, and that was just before he became ruler of Mesopotamia. Hammurabi began his rule over a kingdom that was relatively united.The first few decades of Hammurabi's reign were peaceful. Hammurabi used this time to undertake a series of public works, including heightening the city walls for defensive purposes, and expanding the temples. During this time he decided to enforce brand new laws and codes to live by. These were later put onto the Code of Hammurabi.Just looking at the Artifact, you can see the types of writing that the Mesopotamians used. This writing was called cuneiform script and was the earliest known form of written expression....

Find Another Essay On World View of Mesopotamia and Egypt

Similarities Between The Ancient Societies of Egypt and Mesopotamia

695 words - 3 pages The ancient societies of Egypt and Mesopotamia had distinct similarities as well as differences relating to topography, the relationship to their bordering river, government, religion, and economics. In terms of topography, Mesopotamian agriculture was only achieved through the development of irrigation and a good drainage system. This fact had a profound effect on the evolution of early Mesopotamian civilization. The necessity of irrigation

Difference Between Water In Egypt And Mesopotamia

689 words - 3 pages Water was more important to the development of a working civilization in Ancient Egypt than Mesopotamia for the following reasons: irrigation, drinking, resources and trade. Although these factors were used by both Egypt and Mesopotamia, the latter had a better understanding and control over water than Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (3500 B.C.E. - 530 B.C.E.) was located in northeast Syria, which is now know today as Iraq. It was mainly

Compare and Contrast the Rise and Fall of Mesopotamia and Egypt

2032 words - 9 pages In this project I plan on exploring the contrasts and comparisons between the rise of Mesopotamia and Egypt. I chose this particular question because during my junior year I took and AP World History class in which we of course studied the worlds history. One on my favorite things that we studied in that class was ancient Empires. Mr. Herman, my AP teacher during that time, went through the Mesopotamian and Egyptian Empires rather too quickly

How Did the Geographic Features of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Impact Civilization Development?

2109 words - 8 pages the Mediterranean Sea of Egypt and Mesopotamia, the link between developing cultures and geography will be examined through sources, including Egypt: Ancient Culture, Modern Land edited by Jaromir Malek and Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization by Paul Kriwaczek. To determine the extent of its influence, this investigation will attempt to compare and contrast the role of geography in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, focusing on the

Similarities in the Artwork of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece

1028 words - 4 pages The artworks of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece have similarities that not only reflect objects and images, but also the media, style and representation. These countries were not always wealthy, clever, creative and powerful enough to gain supplies, but they all find a way to create art with what they had. They have all influenced on each other’s cultures and belief through their artistic values and ways

Egypt and Mesopotamia: A Societal and Religious Comparison

715 words - 3 pages The Egyptian and Mesopotamian religion and society were similar, but their government system was different. The religions in Egypt and Mesopotamia were similar because both were polytheistic, had beliefs of an afterlife, as well as priests who were part of the upper levels of the social hierarchy. Social similarities between Egypt and Mesopotamia included: rigid social structure, dependence on slavery, and authoritative religious structure

Comparison essay on Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, one page max

554 words - 2 pages . As a result of this, they developed much differently politically and socially compared to Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia had constant invasions by foreign lands that would leave some of their culture into their new society and form one after another. Egypt's very isolated geographical location in the Sahara desert caused it to be disconnected from the rest of the world thus causing Egypt to develop differently. Egypt's peculiar geography made it a

Importance Of Water For Ancient Egypt Vs. Mesopotamia

701 words - 3 pages World History Assignment #2 Water was more important to the development of a working civilization in Ancient Egypt than Mesopotamia for the following reasons: irrigation, drinking, resources and trade. Although these factors were used by both Egypt and Mesopotamia, the latter had a better understanding and control over water than Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia (3500 B.C.E. - 530 B.C.E.) was located in northeast Syria, which is now know

Legal systems, their development, uses and importance in Egypt and Mesopotamia

555 words - 2 pages case for Egypt, but not for Mesopotamia which had less distinct social hierarchies. Although ancient legal systems are considered inhumane, it is clear that both the legal systems of Egypt and Mesopotamia were necessary in order to maintain stability and control of the population.Egyptian laws are based on the principle of common sense. Instead of having such a rigid law system the Egyptians opted on following the codes based on the concept of “

Comparison of Mesopotamia and the Indus Civilization

2686 words - 11 pages Mesopotamia and Harappan societies have long been compared throughout the history of archaeology. Mesopotamia, also known as, 'the land between the rivers,' was named for the triangular area between the Tigris and the Euphrates river, (Nov. 7 lecture). In recent use, it covers a broader area referring to most of what is now Iraq. This adds ancient Assyria and Babylonia to the scope of Mesopotamia (Schultz and Lavenda 1995:310). Parts of

World View and Citizenship

1585 words - 6 pages created in order to form a more perfect union, it is up to us, as citizens of the United States, to uphold all that has been established within this union. In order to do that, we all must fulfill our responsibilities as citizens. For me, citizenship is an entitlement that everyone is obliged to uphold; therefore, I try to follow through on my responsibilities as a citizen of my community, country, and world. Being a citizen of the United States

Similar Essays

Comparing Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay

883 words - 4 pages Mesopotamia, which means "the land between the two rivers", was exactly that; an area of land between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Many civilizations were created and destroyed on this land because of its lack of natural boundaries, leaving it quite vulnerable to attack. Egypt, protected by natural barriers on all sides, remained uninfluenced for many years. Not many other civilizations came in contact with the Egyptian people. Thus

Egypt And Mesopotamia Essay

625 words - 3 pages Two of the earliest and greatest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt, show the transition from a Paleolithic society into a settled civilization. Both cultures had established kings; however, the Pharaoh is the god-king of Egypt, while in Mesopotamia the monarchs are priest-kings whom serve the gods. Although Mesopotamia and Egypt have some characteristics in common, which bring them under the “First Civilizations” category, their

Ancient Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay

1091 words - 4 pages 1) I have chosen to discuss the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Both have many significant similarities and differences. I would like to compare some important points in four common categories. I will compare and contrast the geography and its impact, the political structure of each society, the importance of their existing class structures and finally the role of women in these dynamic civilizations.Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in

The Invention Of Writing In World Civilizations By Either Focusing On Mesopotamia And Egypt

990 words - 4 pages The invention of writing was the beginning of information revolution in which it allows ideas and news to be conveyed in a distant place easily without having to heavily reliant on the messenger’s memory. The invention is valuable and crucial in ancient world civilizations such as Mesopotamia and Egypt as the writing systems recorded information such as the amount of agricultural crops as well as information relating to religion and government