World War 1 Essay

1335 words - 5 pages

The First World War was a global war that was centered about Europe from 1914-1919. The war was a senseless slaughter of over nine million combative and civilian deaths that no nation benefited from. Rather than the war being fought between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, the instigators of the entire war, their allies took command of the war and caused it to escalate into global catastrophic destruction between some of earth's most prominent superpowers.Many different tensions plagued Europe even before any sort of trigger event occurred. Europe was already cautious of Germany once its Kaiser, Friedrich Wilhelm II, increased the size of his nation's army. He had a fascination with the British Royal Navy and he wanted one for his own country. Before anyone could blink, Germany had a large and powerful military and was a militaristic world superpower. The rest of Europe became alarmed at the sudden increase of German military activity and feared that Germany would soon start war. Another source of anxiety was that Austria-Hungry and Russia both wanted to control the disintegrating Ottoman Empire.The Great War started with the rising conflicts between Serbia and Austria-Hungary. Serbia and their ally Russia desired to create a large independent Slavic country. This did not fare well with Austria-Hungary as they did not want to give up any of its territory and was determined to prevent such from happening. On June 28, 1914, Francis Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary, and his wife were shot and killed by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian terrorist group, the Black Hand. Europe had already been in a state of panic and the assassination pushed everyone over the edge. Austria-Hungary saw this as a chance to force Serbia into war with an ultimatum they knew could not be refused. When Serbia failed to agree with the demands, Austria-Hungary declared war.Alliances were the backbone of World War I as Germany and Russia stepped forward to support their allies. Both Germany, being an ally to Austria, and Russia, being and ally to Serbia, promptly joined the war. Germany had then quickly declared war on Russia and its ally France. In the meantime, Great Britain was debating on lending assistance to its ally, France. Once Germany brutally invaded Belgium, Britain quickly took action and declared war on Germany. It would be the first time in almost one hundred years since all the major super powers fought against each other which had not happened since Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo. At that time several nations; England, France, Germany, Prussia, and Russia; had partaken in battle against one another. However, this time was different. Europe was now divided into two main separate powers, the Allied Powers and the Central Powers.Europe since pre-Roman times has been marked by conflict. Warring tribes often did battle in small skirmishes and hand-to-hand combat. But as the civilizations grew and technology improved the battles became larger and much...

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