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World War 1 Essay

4091 words - 16 pages

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Jheronimus Bosch

Jacques Le Boucq (naar een onbekende meester). Portret van Jheronimus Bosch. Ca. 1550.

Achtergrondinformatie

Volledige naam

Jheronimus Anthonissoen van Aken

Geboren

circa 1450

Overleden

augustus 1516

Geboorteland

Hertogdom Brabant Tegenwoordig Nederland

Beroep(en)

kunstschilder

Website

Portaal

Kunst & Cultuur

Jheronimus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch (?), circa1450 - aldaar begraven, 9 augustus 1516), postuum ook Jeroen of Hiëronymus Bosch genoemd, eigenlijk Jheronimus van Aken, was een Zuid-Nederlands kunstschilder behorend tot de Noordelijke Renaissance. Hij ging de geschiedenis in als 'den duvelmakere' (de schepper van duivels) en als schilder van satirische voorstellingen, maar hij is vooral van betekenis als vernieuwer van de bestaande beeldtraditie. Hij gaf op vindingrijke wijze invulling aan bestaande motieven en bedacht een reeks van nieuwe composities. Het gevolg hiervan is dat de precieze betekenis van een deel van zijn werk vandaag de dag onbekend is. Hoewel hij al tijdens zijn leven een beroemd schilder was, en hij zelfs opdrachten van het hertogelijk hof in Brussel kreeg, is er vrij weinig over hem bekend.
Inhoud
[verbergen]
1 Leven
1.1 Opleiding
1.2 Familieatelier Van Aken
1.3 'Meester Jheronimus '
1.4 Illustre Lieve Vrouwe Broederschap
1.5 ' Seer vermaerd schilder'
2 Portretten
3 Het mysterie Bosch
4 Invloeden
5 Werk
5.1 Schilderijen
5.2 Tekeningen

[bewerken] LevenHij was de derde zoon van de schilder Anthonis van Aken. Volgens Karel van Mander werd hij in 's-Hertogenbosch geboren. Zijn geboorte is echter niet gedocumenteerd. Mogelijk werd hij geboren in het huis van zijn grootvader, Jan van Aken, aan de Vughterstraat. De familie Van Aken was destijds een toonaangevende, Bossche schildersfamilie. Vrijwel alle familieleden van Jheronimus, of Joen zoals zijn roepnaam luidde, waren schilder, inclusief zijn oudere broer, Goessen. Hij groeide op in het huis dat zijn vader in 1462 aan de oostzijde van de Markt kocht en dat hij volgens de archivaris Jan Mosmans 'In Sint Thoenis' noemde. Een plaquette aan de buitenmuur van dit pand herinnert hieraan. Over zijn jeugd is verder niets bekend. In 1463 woedde er een grote brand in 's-Hertogenbosch, die Bosch als kind mogelijk heeft aanschouwd. Bij deze brand gingen 4000 huizen in vlammen op. In het latere werk van Bosch komen vaak stadsbranden voor.

Thomas van Aken ca. 1355-1404/1411

Thomas van Aken † voor 1411

Jan van Aken ca. 1380-1454

Thomas van Aken ca. 1407-1462

Jan van Aken ca. 1413-1471 (?)

Goessen van Aken ca. 1418-1467

Anthonis van Aken ca. 1420-1478

Goessen van Aken ca. 1440-ca. 1497

Jheronimus van Aken alias Bosch ca....

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