World War 2 Essay

2750 words - 11 pages

The relationship between war and libertarianism has interested me since 9/11. In the aftermath of those terrorist attacks, I witnessed in grim fascination many libertarians make excuses for government in the realm of national security. The proper libertarian position on war has become a matter of controversy, although I believe it shouldn't be. "War is the health of the state," as Randolph Bourne said, as well as being "mass murder," in the words of Murray Rothbard.The following essay presents some of the most relevant materials and readings on this controversy. It is unapologetically tilted toward the antiwar position, although it includes some references to pro-interventionist writings. It is idiosyncratic and not comprehensive, and its omissions are not always deliberate. I am always interested in reading suggestions. As for the citations, I include publishing information for books but generally leave it out for articles written for or available on the web, so as to avoid extraneous clutter. Please follow the links to learn more.Among the founders of modern libertarianism, Rothbard most consistently urged an antiwar position. In "War, Peace and the State," he identified opposition to all state wars as well as to nuclear weapons as the libertarian's core commitments. For more on Rothbard's views on these questions, I recommend "Murray N. Rothbard : Against War and the State" by Stephen W. Carson and "Murray N. Rothbard on States, War and Peace, Part I" and "Part II" by Joseph Stromberg.In terms of comprehensiveness and clarity, the best modern treatment is "Why Libertarians Oppose War," chapter nine in Jacob Huebert's fantastic Libertarianism Today (Praeger: 2010), which is probably my favorite introduction to libertarianism. Huebert covers all the bases, touching on the relevant economics, U.S. history, and moral principles, and delivers radical conclusions. The chapter is perfectly balanced in terms of scope and emphasis. In November 2012 he eloquently summed up his thesis at a Students for Liberty conference in a talk titled "Why Libertarians Must Oppose War."Other decent libertarian introductions feature strong summary discussions of foreign policy. Chapter fourteen, "War and Foreign Policy," in Rothbard's For a New Liberty still stands the test of time, and provides a nice refresher on Cold War revisionism. Harry Browne's two campaign books,Why Government Doesn't Work and The Great Libertarian Offer, both gave the issue serious attention, and he published a moving excerpt from the first book as an article, "What Is War?" Mary Ruwart's Healing Our World in An Age of Aggression (Sunstar Press: 2003) has a solid discussion of foreign policy, an earlier version of which is available online. Gary Chartier gives the topic due attention in Conscience of an Anarchist: Why It's Time to Say Good-Bye to the State and Build a Free Society (Cobden Press: 2011). On multiple occasions Chartier has spoken on the centrality of peace under the eminently...

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