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World War I Essay

1336 words - 5 pages

World War I, also known as the First World War, and (before 1939) the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict lasting from August 1914 to the final Armistice (cessation of hostilities) on November 11, 1918.
The Allied Powers (led by the British Empire and France, and, after 1917, the United States) defeated the Central Powers (led by the German Empire, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire), and led to the collapse of four empires and a radical change in the map of Europe. In this report I am going to tell you about how it all started, participants of the war, advantages and disadvantages of the war, strategies, and political and military leaders.
On June 28, 1914, Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo in a conspiracy involving Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb student. Gavrilo Princip was part of a group of fifteen assailants, acting with some support from parts of the Serbian government. Though World War I was triggered by the chain of events this assassination unleashed, the war's origins lie deeper, involving national politics, cultures, economics, and a web of alliances and counterbalances that were made between the European powers during the nineteenth century, following the final 1815 defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte and the ensuing Congress of Vienna.
Ok now onto who was fighting in the war. There were two main alliances, the Axis and Allies. Originally founded on the concept of the Rome-Berlin-axis (the Pact of Steel), later the Tripartite Pact, the Axis was not primarily a formal alliance. Each of the major countries went to war on their own way (Nazi Germany in 1939, Italy in 1940, and Japan in 1937 against China and 1941 against USA), and not to assist each other. There was little sharing of technology or resources, and also little with strategic planning between the major Axis Powers. With the demise of Italy, Germany and Japan each functioned as separate powers, each conducting the war in their own places (Germany in Europe and Japan in the Pacific). There were a number of smaller powers on the side of the Axis, although for the most part the war effort was directed and powered by Germany and Japan.
Like the Axis, the Allies were not a fully cohesive alliance. The original Allied countries, bound by their commitment to the security of Poland, were led by the United Kingdom and France. As other countries were invaded by Nazi Germany, they were added to the Allied ranks. The fall of France left the United Kingdom as the sole remaining major country of the Allies. Most of the time left consisted of the British Commonwealth and forces commanded by different governments-in-exile.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Great War (world war I). Some of the advantages for us were that we had so much steel. I mean so much that we didn't know what to do with it. We would even have to throw away some of the things that our...

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