World War I Tatics. Essay

973 words - 4 pages

In the First World War the commanders used old fashioned tactics. A lot of new types of weapons were invented like machine guns, tanks and gas attack. Instead of changing the tactics to suit the weapons, commanders used the same old tactics. Although this war turned out as a "non-contact" war, in the beginning of it the British commanders had cavalry set and to go. Soon it became obvious that the horses were clumsy and a very easy target for German snipers. The highly skilled soldiers were also set out to fight in the beginning of the war (British Expeditionary Force) and a lot of them died and were injured in the countless number of failed attacks that the commanders thought of. By November 1914, of the original 160,000 BEF officers, 90,000 had become casualties. The best soldiers were ordered to fight in the beginning of the war and after most of them died or were injured the British army became weaker.Commanders also repeated failed strategies. There always were the same types of attacks even though the previous time that attack was tried it got half of the soldiers killed. The commanders thought that if they used the same tactics the enemy wouldn't think that they'd use next time and therefore be unprepared. There were no new ideas on the tactics and no new plans. This happened on both sides and so the stalemate was formed as by using the same tactics neither side managed to make much progress in the war.Commanders and officers weren't fully prepared for a long war. Like most people they thought that the war is going to be over by Christmas 1914 so there weren't enough medical supplies as large numbers of casualties weren't expected and not enough food and other supplies like tents and building materials as the war was expected to be quick and mobile. Many soldiers died because of the conditions they lived in since the since the commanders were not prepared that the army will have to stay in one place for a long time. Commanders were not prepared for new weapon attack for example gas attacks. In the beginning of the war there weren't any gas masks and that resulted in many soldiers dying or suffering great injuries, like eyesight loss.The soldiers spent most of their time in trenches. The conditions in the trenches were horrible - dirty, full of mud, bugs and disease. There weren't enough sanitarians to clear all the dead away and often soldiers had to sit around with dead bodies just a meter away. The food lacked in variety and taste. The bread and biscuits soldiers got were stale and the meat and vegetables were old and tasteless where as the commanders and officers enjoyed their rich and tasty diet everyday.There wasn't enough medicine and doctors to go around. Heavily wounded soldiers often had to...

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