World War I: The Allies V. Germany

804 words - 4 pages

In August of 1914 when World War I first began in Europe the United States declared their neutrality in the war. The United States felt no need to get themselves involved in a war that did not greatly involve them, nor greatly concern them. Things soon however began to change in the United States. In February 1915 the German government announced that they would destroy all enemy ships within their newly declared war zone, and warned the United States that their neutral ships might be destroyed as well. As a result President Wilson warned Germany that they would be held responsible if any American lives were lost due to their actions. After Germany’s attack on a French ship, Wilson threatened to end diplomatic relations with Germany unless they stopped killing innocent people. Afraid that the United States might enter the war, German officials issued the Sussex pledge, which promised not to sink merchant vessels “without warning and without saving human lives.” Shortly after the Sussex pledge was made in mid-March of 1917, German U-boats sank three American merchant ships. On April 6th, 1917 the United States declared war on Germany. The United States entrance into the war brought a greater advantage to the Allies, leading Germany and the other two Central Powers to their defeat.
According to Document 1 the Allies borrowed $10.5 billion from the United States before the U.S. even got involved in the war. The United States also made and shipped war materials to the Allies according to their specifications. In these ways the Allies were very dependent on the United States for their support. And because the United States were willing to help the Allies even before they joined the war the Allies were already at a great advantage.
During their involvement in the war, the United States especially helped France. As seen in Document 3, American ships arrived in St. Nazaire, France on June 28th, 1917. These ships were more than likely carrying American soldiers, food, water, weapons, and anything else they may have needed for the war. Also, according to a quote made by General Henri Pétain in Document 2 we learn that the French General felt that America’s involvement in the war was incredibly important to France. We are also told that America had a military as well as a...

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