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World War I: The Assassination Of Austrian Emperor's Nephew

1261 words - 5 pages

How did the war start?

World War one started with the assassination of the Austrian emperor's nephew, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, on June 18, 1914, while they were visiting Sarajevo, part of the Austria-Hungary Empire, the province of Bosnia Herzegovina. The assassination by a Serbian Nationalist caused the Austria Hungary Empire to plan to start war against Serbia. Instead of reacting quickly to the incident, Austria Hungary made sure to have a treaty with Germany. This allowed Serbia to create a treaty with Russia. Russia also had a treaty with France and Britain. Austria Hungary declared war on the July 28, 1914, over a month after the assassination. By then most of Europe was involved. The two main sides of this war were the allied forces, and the central powers. The allied forces consisted of France, UK, and Russia, and the central powers were Germany and Austria Hungary. WW1 was from 1914 to 1919, resulting in 10 million military deaths, and 20 million injured. Originally, the allied forces wanted the United States to join the war, but the US was neutral. However, two events changed this opinion. In 1915, a German U-boat sunk the British Ocean liner RMS Lusitania. This was a neutral passenger ship, and the Americans were furious when it was sunk, as 159 of the passengers were American. Also, in 1917, Mexico was sent a coded message from Germany, which was intercepted by the British and shown to the US. The message promised sections of US land in return for entering the war on the German side. On April 6, 1917, the US entered the war. Russia, during this time, was planning on getting out of the war. In 1917, a revolution happened, removing the czar from power. The new communist government wanted to focus on internal troubles instead of the war. Negotiating separately from the allied forces, a treaty with Germany was signed on the 3rd of March, 1918. The fighting continued for another year, and an armistice was agreed to end the fighting on the 11th hour of 11-11-1918. Diplomats negotiated over the next few months, the Versailles Treaty was created. However, some of its terms were the ones that caused World War II.

How did recruitment affect the results of the war?

The total Australian population during WWI was 4 million, and 416 809 Australians enlisted for the army. This represented 38.7% of the male population between 18 and 44. The Australians participated in many of the conflicts during the war. At first, the army was used to defend the Suez Canal in Egypt. Then it was decided that the Australians would group with the New Zealanders to form the ANZACS. The ANZACS would land on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey, and fight against the Turks. Along with the Allied forces, they fought a costly and unsuccessful campaign against the Turks. They were evacuated and went back to Egypt, where reinforcements came. The infantry were sent to France, and fought in many of the crucial battles on the Western Front. The light horse units...

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