World War I: The Primary Cause Of The Russian Revolution

1214 words - 5 pages

Russia's overthrows and shortage caused revolutionary upheaval and massive inflation, which led to deprived infrastructure. During World War I, Russian society naturally caused great dissatisfaction among the serfs. As the revolution wore on, numerous reform and Tsar Nicholas II, a ruler, tried to change Russia's social structure and government. Among the masses, there was discontentment with Russia's social system and living conditions. Laborers worked and lived in horrendous conditions, which played a crucial role in aggravating the condition of workers and peasants. As a result, peasants starved and Russia’s armies were overpowered on the battlefield because much of its terrain was occupied by enemies. Hence, Imperial Russia was a catastrophe. Some scholars believe that despite the Russian empire's undeveloped economic, social, and political weakness during World War I, Russian empire's economic and social advances occurred decades before World War I, which shows that World War I was not a crucial reason of the Russian Revolution. Although a reason of the Russian Revolution was possibly Tsar's deprived governance because of his misconduct towards inhabitants, the main cause of the Russian Revolution was World War I because The First War demonstrated poor infrastructure in the Russian government politically and economically.
The Revolution was brought by military defeats and starvation during World War I, which started problems in the battlefields. The war did not progress well for Russia because supplies to the Russian capital deteriorated significantly. The demands of waging war exhausted the Russian economy and exposed the restrictions of the Russian manufacture. All the combatants in World War I suffered scarcities and provisions because Russia was faced with the occupation of huge expanses of Russian territory. Russia was faced with major battlefield defeats and dangerously strained supply lines as well because “Over the course of the entire war, Russia mobilized 12 million men, of whom some 1.7 million were killed and 4.9 million were wounded ... All the combatants in World War I suffered shortages and supply problems” (“Provisional Government”). This demonstrates that since the stress of waging war was tremendous, it should be no surprise that the first war could be a primary cause of the Russian Revolution. Moreover, the major powers of Europe hurt Russia in World War I; yet, by 1917, all the combatants horrifically suffered from the strains of war economically, proving this to be a long-term cause. This was, to a great extent, considerable because the military defeats and social strains of World War I had created a crisis in Imperial Russia. Before, Russia had some military accomplishments and they were on their way to being successful. Nevertheless, their triumphs were not long-standing; hence, Russia was not able to be victorious due to the fact that Russia decreased in economy because of the limitations in Russia. Similarly,...

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