World War Ii Essay

1516 words - 6 pages

World War II, was a global conflict that was fought over six years. The first conflict began in Asia between China and Japan, then in Europe when Germany invaded Poland. The war in Asia, or otherwise called the Second Sino-Japanese War was the largest asian war in the twentieth century. Japan's long desire to invade China and dominate it politcally and militarily led the Japanese to invade Manchuria, attack Pearl Harbor, and then eventually surrender after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan's lust for domination over China and their raw materials led not only to the involvement of the United States into World War II but also the creation of the atomic bomb and the destruction of Japan's two major cities. Japan's decisions and actions led to many lost lives and their eventual surrender in World War II, but through the fire and smoke, Japan rose and matured to be one the most prosperous nations in the world.
During the 1920's, Japan had started an expansion plan into Manchuria, and then into China soon after. So in order to deter these plans, America set up embargoes and sanctions. In 1940, Japan felt the sting of America's Export Control Act, and so in order to preserve their goals for expansion, Japan felt it had no choice but to make a preemptive strike against the United States. Under the command of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Japan gathered information, drew up battle plans, and trained pilots over several months. Japan believed that by attacking first, they would be able to stop America's forces in the Pacific from interfering with Japan's plans to invade United Kingdom's colonies. They had no idea that such a move would start an all out war between the two countries.
Japan's approximate two hours of bombing left the American Navy crippled, but not enough to stop the American's retaliation for too long. America had sustained a large amount of damage due to Japan's surprise attack, but luckily due to some poor planning on Japan's part, the United States was able to bring available force together for a speedy retaliation. Japan came in waves which resulted in the loss of 2,386 Americans, and eighteen ships, which also included five battleships. Had the Japanese executed their third and final wave, it is probable that they would have destroyed American carriers, which would have halted any kind of offensive attack for about a year or so. By not destroying these carriers, America was quickly able to mount up an attack back at the Japanese, with the use of their aircraft carriers and submarines. A major flaw in Japan's strategy was the emphasis on battleships. The Japanese military thought that by destroying American battleships, they could easily win the war in the Pacific, but they did not factor in the use of American submarines, which led to the eventual immobilization of Japan's forces.
Such a sudden attack by Japan, led to a hasty and unjust detainment of all Japanese and Japanese Americans that presided in America during...

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