World War II: Causes and Effect on Europe
World War II was significant for its unique causes and its major political impact on Europe. There were four main causes to why World War II started, some of which are the following: Treaty of Versailles, Hitler’s actions, failure of Appeasement, and the Failure of the League of Nations. World War II had a major impact on Europe Politically, which are the following: It caused Europe to have a weaker influence in the world, it caused Germany to split in half, the formation of the United Nations, and the division of Europe, between the Western nations and the communist Eastern bloc.
The Treaty of Versailles was initiated by the meeting that was held in 1919. In this meeting Clemenceau of France, Woodrow Wilson from the U.S, Orlando from Italy, and Lloyd George of England met to converse how they would have Germany pay for the impairment that World war I had caused. Woodrow Wilson from the U.S had a 14-point plan that was aimed for bringing peace to Europe. Clemenceau desired revenge, and he wanted to be certain that Germany would never start another war again. Lloyd George agreed with Wilson although he was aware that the British public agreed with Clemenceau. A compromise between Wilson and Clemenceau was what he wanted. Germany was not happy with the positions of the Treaty of Versailles. On the other hand they were expecting the 14 point treaty Wilson had in mind. Although they were not happy with these conditions they did not have a choice but to sign the document.
War Guilt Clause, Reparations, Disarmament, and the Territorial Clauses were the main terms of the Treaty of Versailles. The War Guilt Clause basically meant that Germany had to accept the blame for the World War I and it’s their burden. Reparations meant Germany had to pay for the damage that was caused by the war – which was $6,600 million. The Disarmament meant that Germany was limited to a small army and they were only allowed six naval ships. They were also not allowed to have air force, tanks and submarines. Another condition was to demilitarize the Rhineland area. Lastly, the Territorial Clause where land was taken away from Germany and distributed to other countries.
Hitler’s actions also had an influence on the causes of World War II. Hitler Secretly began to build up Germany’s army and weapons once he became the chancellor of Germany. He became Chancellor of Germany in January of 1933. He built warships, increased the size of the army, and created an air force. Britain and France were well aware that Hitler was attempting to raise an army, and they were also concerned about the rise of Communism. Later in 1936, Hitler made two important alliances, the first alliance was called Rome-Berlin Axis pact, and the second was the Anti-Comitern pact. The Rome-Berlin Axis pact meant that Germany was allied with Mussolini’s Italy. The second pact which is the Anti-Comitern, allied Germany with Japan.
A step Hitler took was to take back...