Who: A British corpse, “Major William Martin” of the British Royal Marines
When: An early April morning in 1943
Where: Huelva in southern Spain
What: The British made an elaborate plan that would make Hitler think that they were attacking Greece rather than Sicily. The British took a corpse and planted false Ally plans on it. They made the corps appear to be a Major of the British Royal Marines and left fake identification on him. They then dressed the body and put a life jacket on it to assure that it would float. The body was disposed of near Spain and it washed up on the shores of Huelva. Even though Spain claimed to be neutral, they had many pro-Nazi citizens and the plans on the body ended up with Hitler. He soon deployed troops in Greece to protect it, even though Sicily was the region that really needed protected.
Why: The British needed to deceive the Germans so they could take over Sicily without losing unnecessary lives.
Historical Significance: By using Operation Mincemeat Winston Churchill potentially saved the lives of thousands of British and German soldiers. He also was able to come in and take Sicily, giving him an advantage over Italy, one of the Axis powers.
Book Supplement Addition: In A Child’s War; World War II Through the Eyes of Children, The Germans had an alliance with Russia, meaning that both Russia and Germany were willing to protect each other at whatever cost (Pg 9).
Source: Operation Mincemeat, What was Operation Mincemeat?
See Also: Operation Husky
The Manhattan Project
Who: President Franklin Roosevelt
When: The Manhattan Project started in August of 1939
Where: Originating in Manhattan, the project actually had research bases spread all over America, Britain, and Canada.
What: A project that was designed to form a team of scientists and make an atomic bomb. Einstein gave President Roosevelt the work he had done on how to create this weapon of mass destruction and Roosevelt soon started funding the Manhattan project. The People working on the bomb were sworn to secrecy and the punishment for talking about it was a fine of 10,000 U.S. dollars, ten years in jail, or both.
Why: When scientists were trying to create the bomb in 1939 it was to defeat Germany. Einstein and Jewish people who had escaped from Germany said that the Nazis were trying to create a similar weapon that could wipe out any nation. The United States started the project because they were the only country that had the resources to develop this weapon and use it before the war had ended. Even though America was working alone on developing the bomb, Britain and Canada both backed the nation. By the time the weapon was ready to use, in 1945, Britain had already won the war with Germany. America only had one enemy that needed defeated, Japan.
Historical Significance: Two bombs were used on Japan, eventually causing them to surrender due to the amount of death and destruction the weapons had inflicted. The devastation was so bad...