Throughout the course of World War II, there were several American raids, or invasions, of European soil. Young American soldiers risked their own lives in order to save those of thousands of others. The most famous of these invasions happened on the beaches of Normandy, Where US and British forces ran into a strong German resistance . This battle has been studied and glorified by many American historians throughout the years. Every historian has his or her own take on this event, but almost all American historians will express it as an important United States victory.
In his article “Questionable Objective: The Brittany Ports, 1944”, A. Harding Ganz focuses on the “logistical planning” and “strategic considerations” of high ranking officials during the invasion . He continues talk of planning and proper procedures, and eventually encounters the actual battle itself. He describes the D-Day invasion in terms of the raw number of soldiers, but soon changes his positive outlook on the invasion. He says:
On 6 June 1944 the allied forces invaded Festung Europa in Operation Overload.
The Normandy beachhead was successfully established, but stubborn German
resistance resulted in the drawn-out “Battle of the Build-Up” as men and material
were brought ashore. With stalemated Normandy fighting…”
It is clear that Ganz had a pro-invasion stance, but was willing to admit that fighting in Normandy had resulted in at least a temporary stalemate. “The Battle of Normandy: The Lingering Controversy”, as written by Stephen T. Powers, shines a whole new light on the invasion. He too sees D-Day as an important allied victory, but calls it “a stunning success, even though disaster was narrowly averted by the American V Corps on Omaha Beach.” Powers continues to explain the tactics and planning of the invasion, and subsequent battles, just as Ganz does. He does go a little more in depth than Ganz while describing policies; he also portrays those men who made the policies. Powers describes General Bernard L. Montgomery, overall ground commander for the battle of Normandy, as a “vain, self-centered, troublesome general”.
Ganz and Powers clearly glorify the D-Day battles, and attribute the allied victory to these incidents; Joseph Forbes has an entirely different view of this particular invasion. He suggests that there were several other battles that are worthy of attention and praise. When discussing the planning of a possible invasion of Japan, He is quoted as saying:
“But James has presented no evidence that the adjustments in the Olympia
invasion planning would preclude an invasion of Japan in late fall. General
(Dwight D.) Eisenhower, commander of the Normandy invasion, has pointed
out that several serious problems were encountered in the planning of
Overload, and the plans were altered and adjusted several times. Yet all the
Problems and adjustments did not stop D-Day from taking place.”
This shows that...