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World War Ii Explanations And Reasons

1187 words - 5 pages

Wie war es möglich ?? Gründe, die zum Nationalsozialismus in Deutschland führten Ganz zu Anfang möchte ich sagen, daß ich es nicht vermag, diese Frage in vollem Maße und allumfassend zu beantworten. Meine folgende Rede wird leider nur einen Teil des Ausmaßes in der damaligen Zeit beschreiben können.Der Versailler Vertrag, dem Deutschen Volk im Mai 1919 vorgelegt, traf dieses wie ein Keulenschlag. Gebietsabtretungen in jeder Himmelsrichtung, Reparationslasten, Wegfall der Kolonien und die Anerkennung der alleinigen Kriegsschuld ließen anfangs ein "žNichtunterschreiben" plausibler erscheinen, als die Anerkennung dieses Abkommens. Ein Ablehnen hätte durch die Wiederaufnahme aller Feindseligkeiten durch die Alliierten und die daraus folgende Zerlegung des Reiches eventuell auf längere Sicht den Frieden in Europa eher gesichert. Dies ist aber reine Spekulation und es wäre wohl auf das hinausgelaufen, was schließlich dann als Folge des Zweiten Weltkrieges herauskam: ein deutscher Weststaat, der sich früher oder später dem Westen hätte anschließen müssen und einen Oststaat, dessen Schicksal nur schwer zu deuten war. Es ist schwer, besonders für mich, über den Einmarsch er Alliierten hinaus zu spekulieren, denn man kann nicht sicher sein was sich alles zugetragen hätte. Egal wie man es dreht und wendet, sowohl nach dem Ersten als auch nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wäre aufgrund der notwendigen Neubildung einer Regierung auch bei einer Komplettbesetzung der Alliierten nicht lange zu halten. Es war den Deutschen hätten jedenfalls sowohl mit als auch ohne Unterschritt eine Chance gehabt, das Reich zu erhalten. Deutschland wurde durch Reparationen und Hypotheken schwer belastet, dennoch hatte es im Vergleich zu der Zeit vor 1914 keinerlei Schwächen erlitten. Es verlor zwar Ã-sterreich-Ungarn als Verbündeten, würde jedoch durch das "žgeächtet-sein" eher Rußland als irgendeine andere Westmacht als Verbündeten gewinnen. Es hatte sich vieles zu Deutschlands Gunsten verändert, so auch zum Beispiel daß nun niemand mehr einen neuen Krieg führen würde, um Deutschland an der Wiederaufrüstung zu hindern oder es zur Fortzahlung der Reparationen zu hindern. Die Westmächte hingegen, waren sich von Anfang an nicht einig, da sie sich nur unter größter Mühe auf den Abschluß der Friedensverträge verständigen konnten. Letztendlich wurde der Versailler Vertrag nur noch von zwei...

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