World War Ii: The Allies' Winning Strategy

2910 words - 12 pages

In one of the most crucial campaigns during World War 2, historians try to find the most credible information presented for the Russian campaign. We try to see how a once unstoppable force with highly advanced technology and brilliant commanders could be bogged down in the miserable wasteland of Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union. The perspectives that will be discussed in this paper include Russia’s huge population size and the determination of the people not to give in to the brutal occupation from the invading Germans. Through the analysis presented by the four authors, these documents present a structured view of how the Second World War would be won in the East which was the key to the Allies winning strategy. The first book presented is Charles Messenger's book, The Second War in the West which involves a military history that discus the strategy used on both sides. The second book, War of Annihilation: Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front by Geoffrey Megargee is a social history that reflects on what the civilians are going through in Russia. This differs from Messenger's book because Megargee focuses on the occupation of Russia. The book also deals with the racism and sub species attitude that many Germans brought on not only with the Jews but also peasants and communist. Bloodlands by Timothy Snyder studies the key decisions made by the leaders of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Snyder's book details the popular opinion that Hitler and Stalin were similar in how they would run their countries and military campaigns. The final book, Soviet Women in Combat, by Anna Krylova is a female perspective that uses information about the 800,000 women who served in the Soviet military during the Second World War. This book includes many sources from the women during their times on the front line, both on the ground or in the air. With these four books the authors show how the Eastern campaign played out and who was impacted from it.
The Second War in the West by Charles Messenger tells us of Hitler's main objective for the war which was conquering Russia for the means of living space. Messenger was able to point out that not only was there a perceived want for land from the Germans as a pretext for invading them, but they also viewed the Soviet Union as a ideological threat that needed to be squashed before they were ready to have a military strong enough that could defeat in a war. The initial invasion of Russia went very well after Hitler made his final decision to initiate it. Messenger tells about the German's fast tanks and blitzkrieg tactics, but I would have liked for him to talk more about why the Red Army was initially slow to strike back more efficiently.
Messenger goes into great length about many important battles like Moscow and Minsk, he does not detail as extensively the later battles. I would have liked to see more about the Battle of Kursk, since that battle was an important turning point for the war in the...

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