World War Ii The Pacific Campaign

1726 words - 7 pages

Having been spread out over more land and involved more people than any other war in history, many believe World War II is also the most historic war in as well. There has never been a war of such immense importance and such a gigantic magnitude. The United States served an absolutely vital role in the outcome of this war. The U.S. was faced with the duty of taking on two different wars at the same time in two different places in the world. Something that many countries would have backed away from. The European front was without hesitation the more evident of the two considering the unquestionable mayhem and evils that were being committed by Adolf Hitler. United States involvement on the European front was unavoidable and, generally much easier for U.S. forces to get to. Having fought in Europe less than thirty years prior, the U.S. was familiar with the territory and proper strategy. The Pacific Campaign of World War II offered an incomparable test for the United States Armed Forces. U.S. Armed Forces had never fought in the South Pacific or even on terrain that resembled the conditions in which they would be faced with in the Pacific Islands. With the Army deeply involved in Europe, in December of 1941 the United States found it self stuck in a war that it was not ready for and had no idea how to fight. However, the United States Marine Corps were the ideal company for the kind of combat they would be faced with in the Pacific. Marines had adequate training for land to sea combat. The Marine Corps fighting in the Pacific gave the U.S. its only chance of being successful against the Japanese military.
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese lashed out against America and bombed Pearl Harbor. This act of hostility towards America, provided for a textbook entrance into the war, and now the people of America were driven enough to back a full-scale war against Hitler and Japan. However, there was still a lot of concern about the US fighting in two different wars at the same time, many felt that it was way more than the United States could handle. The Army was the perfect force for the war in Europe. The Army was trained for the land combat that they would be faced with, and had knowledge of the terrain from World War I. The Army however, had already begun their trek to Europe, so dividing the Army into two separate sections for the wars was not logical and would not be economical. The United States Marine Corps were the only option the U.S. had remaining in waging war against Japan. The United States Marine Corps units had been stationed in the South Pacific in Australia and Samoa; therefore reinforcement is all the Marines needed. Marines are trained exclusively for land to sea and sea to land combat, which made them the most ideal force to send to the war with Japan. In addition, the Marines also had a sufficient relationship with the Navy, which insured the two forces could work side by side and be successful.
The Battle of Guadalcanal was the...

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