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World War One And Its Impacts In The Homefront

6066 words - 24 pages

WORLD WAR ONE: The Home FrontTotal war and its social and economic impact on civilians in Britain and GermanySource IPart ADate: issued in June 2nd 1917Author: issued by the British GovernmentType: visual Primary sourcePerspective: this is a British perspective clearly shown by the "British ministry of food" print in the bottom left cornerPart BThis is a propaganda poster issued by the British Ministry of Food to the British public to promote food rationing. This source illustrates the impact of total war in Britain, this poster shows that war not only had created social problems but also significant economic problems. The mother and her daughter are thinking seriously about the effect of the U boat campaign and that is to encourage people to avoid waste to "defeat the u boat". It creates an idea that the sacrifice the public is making is small compared to what the British soldiers as well as it shows that was happening at the frontline was affecting the home front, it symbolises the idea of "total war". It also reveals the impact that the U-Boat campaign in 1917 brought.. This poster tells the people to save on bread and avoid waste. It expresses the threat of the U boat campaign. This in turn reveals the importance of small efforts on the overall war effort and the problems total war had created in people's everyday lives.Part C In studying WW1's social and economic impacts on the people of Britain this source is useful but to a certain extent due to its several limitations. The message of the poster asks people to give , but it doesn't for them to, until 1918 the British government appealed to voluntary efforts. It asked the public to reduce the consumption of scarce commodities, including fuel, to produce more food, and not to hoard essential items. In most cases, it avoided trying to set prices or regulate commercial activity.Rising prices for British commodities such as wheat were good for farmers and exporters, but inflation eroded the purchasing power of many families. In busy, fast-growing cities energized by war employment, prices rose faster than wages, leading to labour unrest and strikes. Inflation posed special hardships for people on fixed incomes or those who did not benefit from the competition for skilled workers. Women living at home on the fixed salaries of soldier-husbands overseas often faced difficult social choices: a lower living standard; or entry into the growing paid labour force and day-care for their children. Despites the inflation rising Lloyd George attempted to prevent this by regulating food prices, keeping them under control. Britain attempted to avoid debt by increasing tax by 150%, by the end of the war tax had increased by 800%.This source implies that those that will give, will help achieve victory against Germany. this source is useful as it shows the impact total war had on those that rationalised but the reality of the war was much more brutal , everyone suffered the same either rich or poor ,both...

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