Justice is a struggle in terms of equality; either a person is given justice in the hopes of finding a truer life or one’s justice is taken away in the hopes of eradicating their impact or influence. Often, cultures abide by creeds that uphold justice in numerous forms, but the method through which justice is obtained and preserved is the distinguishable factor. Albert Camus, an existentialistic author born in Algeria, chose to uphold that the values of “liberty, justice, brotherhood, and happiness… along with the terms revolt and absurd, described human non-acceptance of a world without meaning or value” (Camus 1868). Through the accounts of Daru, Camus’s protagonist in The Guest, the ability to create a heavily moral environment while stretching the limits of moral integration portray Camus’s existentialistic views. Daru’s indecision, concerning the Arab prisoner’s injustice and/or freedom, extends from his own moral coding which diminishes the existentialistic approach of logic.
Daru’s moral coding, when pertaining to his morality or the way he is characterized, exemplifies sacrifice. Daru lives in a self sufficient manner even though he is a member of a poverty stricken community. The pupils that attend his class can no longer attend due to the frigid weather, but Camus instead depicts Daru to call the classroom “frigid” because without children it is cold and dire, “after eight months of drought without the transition of rain, and the twenty pupils, more or less, who lived in the villages scattered over the plateau had stopped coming” (Camus 1872). Logically, his existence represents foolishness, but morally his struggles represent that of a man with a clear conscious. Existentially Camus inserts sacrifice as Daru’s as an attempt to escape from isolation and into despair and freedom Daru commits his life.
The audience now receives the first sign of sacrifice as Daru, now without any source of income, must live inside the building from where he taught. As a schoolmaster, Daru knows he must sacrifice and willingly does so, for the betterment of the community. However, countless schoolmasters did not “[live almost like a monk],” but rather, lived with expressive and creative philosophies (Camus 1873). Daru was “nonetheless satisfied with the little he had and with the rough life, felt like a lord with his whitewashed walls, narrow couch, unpainted shelves, well, and weekly provision of water and food,” magnifying that his sacrifice revealed compassion (Camus 1873). The sacrifices Daru made led him into a compassionate lifestyle as educating was his profession.
Daru’s initial encounter with the Arab prisoner magnifies the tones of compassion; the first extension of his moral coding. As a school teacher, Daru contains many pupils and for every pupil he must portray the trait of respect to further extract diligence and an audacious mindset. The Arab prisoner is condemned before given a trial and now he is bound by Balducci, a heavy believer...