Writing And Technology: The Effects Of Experimental Instruction In First Year College Courses

2879 words - 12 pages

I claim my theoretical framework for this study under two broad assumptions.
First: Critical realism, and especially its ontology, offers much to the analysis of education research.
Second: Much current education research commits to one of two mistaken ontological positions: the empirical realist ontology in which positivist analysis lives and breathes (Davidsen, 2005; O'Boyle & McDonough, 2011); and the social constructionist ontology in which post-modernist or post-structuralist analysis lives and breathes (Arnd-Caddigan & Pozzuto, 2006; Fleetwood, 2005).
Despite the contributions that post-modernism and post-structuralism offer, it seems to me that in the abandonment of positivism, post-modernists and post-structuralists unfortunately substituted one mistaken ontological perspective for another. If unchecked, I believe this mistake threatens to take education research down a road as narrow and precarious as the positivist one from which it only recently escaped. Such wandering suggests unnecessary tragedy, especially given that critical realism provides a viable ontology of education, allowing researchers and theorists to question positivism and its empirical realist ontology without having to accept the orthodoxy of social constructionist ontology instead.
As a critical realist, I concede that human behavior reflects context (Taylor, 1989, 1995; Richardson, Fowers, & Guignon, 1999; Bishop, 2007), and that as such, universal laws cannot explain it (Donagan, 1964). In other words, we cannot fully predict action in open systems and, thus, we cannot adequately conceptualize such action simply through deterministic theory (Conway & Kochen, 2009; Kim, 2012; Thayer, 1978). This, however, is precisely what positivist approaches in education research aim at when they apply or attempt to identify new uniformities of human action. In contrast, critical realism provides a fundamentally different epistemological perspective of causality, in that it systematically accounts for context-specificity in human action (Archer & Bhaskar, 2013).
British philosopher, Bhaskar (1997) developed critical realism, and Sayer (1992, 2000) and others later propagated it in the social sciences by suggesting a pragmatic epistemological alternative (Rigakos & Frauley, 2011), which avoids the nomological determinism of the logical empiricists (Horst, 2011) and the much-bemoaned relativism of post-modern theory (Francis, 2001; Nash, 2004; Sayer, 2000). In contrast to post-modern approaches, critical realism maintains the assumption that an objective reality exists independent from the individual. I agree. However, the relationship between reality and our knowledge about it remains asymmetrical. In other words, the fact that concepts necessarily mediate empirical observations does not mean that they exist solely as products of these concepts. Instead, these observations depend (at least partially) on the structural properties of the real objects observed...

Find Another Essay On Writing and Technology: The Effects of Experimental Instruction in First-Year College Courses

Which gender does better on a first year level of college?

1390 words - 6 pages 55 students in the study. Gender and grades were the variables in the experiment. The number of observations for males was 15 while the number of observations for females was 40. The data was restricted to Psychology 100 students who wrote all three tests and one Christmas exam. Overall, there were 55 students participating in the experiment.ProcedurePsychology 100 students were given three tests and one Christmas exam throughout the first term

What makes a first year college student successful?

1411 words - 6 pages concept. Being a college student could be very stressful; many students feel pressure from their family and peers to do well. The struggles of college; in academic, social, and economical factors, would be much harder without a support system. Encouragement of family members is a very important factor in a first year college student. One reason is because individuals seek praise from their family members and friends. If these people encourage

Analysis of Writing Instruction: Incorporating a Writing Workshop in the Classroom

1196 words - 5 pages commit to three to four days a week to allow my students to have writing time. I will integrate writing into other subjects; but I want to be able to give my students a regular chunk of time where they are allowed to write about what they would like to write about and create many stories throughout the year. I have seen some really great things during my time in the field; and I will walk away with many strategies as well as some ideas I would

College Courses In High School

911 words - 4 pages Enrolling in college courses at Brunswick High School can help students achieve their desired level in their career not only quicker, but also, more cheaply and more efficiently. A lot of students are rising through the High School hierarchy. Almost all students would like college to be as quick and easy as possible. One solution to this problem is taking college courses and earning college credits in high school. At BHS, college courses should

Freedom in Choosing College Courses

1111 words - 4 pages themselves indulging more into entertainment, in which they consider the first priority in their minds. The students will not be able to be challenged by new courses that would result to expansion of their knowledge and abilities thus would look for another alternative to keep them busier. In addition, they also argue that evaluating and rating oneself ability in consideration to their past performance may not be advisable for college studies

Leveraging Computer Technology for Literacy Instruction in the Classroom

2617 words - 10 pages research in computer technology for reading instruction but has returned positive results for significantly higher student achievement so far (Tracey, Young, 2007). There are several ways to implement computer technology in the classroom for the acquisition of the alphabetic principle with students both in the general curriculum and identified as exceptional learners. Several of the studies cited in previous sections looked at specific types of

The Effects of Technology in the Workplace

3061 words - 12 pages Electronics Engineers found that its unemployed members must add three weeks to their job searches for each year of age over 45." What is happening in the technology world when it comes to jobs is that most of the technical jobs are going to younger and younger workers. Kunde gives a statement from Andrew Jackson who is the president of Bravo Technical, and he says that when they search their databases for people with specific skills that the list he

Differentiated Instruction in the Area of Reading

1033 words - 4 pages Differentiated Instruction in the area of Reading Differentiated instruction caters to differences among students, how students learn, different learning styles, and the interest of each learner. Running records support differentiating lessons for each learner during guided reading. Running records are diagnostic tools designed to identify a student’s reading deficiencies and monitor progress. The implementation of running records allows the

The Importance of Grammar in English Instruction

3545 words - 14 pages , the importance of advanced grammar in the instruction of English grammar will be discussed. The International Phonetic Alphabet has one hundred and seven letters of which twenty-nine are base vowel symbols, IPA provides a unique symbol to represent speech sounds, IPA allows us to describe sounds in any language, and IPA allows us to describe sounds the way people say them regardless of their native language (The International Phonetic Association

The effects of technology in modern America.

1168 words - 5 pages unions and defense cuts - technologyis probably the most critical. It has favored the educated and the skilled," says M. B.Zuckerman, editor-in-chief of U.S. News & World Report (7/31/95). Since 1973,wagesadjusted for inflation have declined by about a quarter for high school dropouts, by a sixthfor high school graduates, and by about 7% for those with some college education. Onlythe wages of college graduates are up.Of the fastest growing

The Importance of Modeling and Differentiated Instruction

1402 words - 6 pages With current trends in the field of education, and the increased emphasis of standardized testing data, classrooms of today have become increasingly outcome driven. Although few would argue with the importance of improving classroom instruction and the logic associated with basing instruction on desired student outcomes, this one size fits all approach is not without its detractors. Today many elementary teachers feel pressured to move forward

Similar Essays

The Stress Of The First Year Of College

707 words - 3 pages Showing you what it is like entering the first year of college. Have you ever been in a situation where school can be stressful in many different aspects? I found out being prepared has its likes and dislikes. Here’s my experience on time management, financial, academic, also social life stress. One thing you must know is when I receiving a acceptance into the college my life was just begun to be stressful. The first problem that comes to

Learning The Process Of Writing In A First Year Composition Course

1947 words - 8 pages I entered my first-year college composition course believing I was equipped with the knowledge, skill, and ability to write an efficiently researched and well-organized essay. In high school, I learned how to create the traditional five-paragraph paper with its introduction of a thesis, explanation of that claim through three sections riddled with supporting quotes, and conclusion that restated the author’s substantiated statement. This was

Handling Feelings Of Anxiety During The First Year At College.

1000 words - 4 pages your life. When social or emotional issues get in the way of your life, do something about it. Now, handling feelings of anxiety during the first year at college can be done in three easy steps. Firstly, prioritize your time on paper, get involved, and finally, create opportunities to just relax.II. First and foremost, you need to prioritize your time onpaper. Your time schedule needs to be personalized and honest for best results.A. One method is

Our Own Words: A Students's Guide To First Year Writing

1462 words - 6 pages Our Own Words: A Students's Guide to First-Year Writing I was born in Bulgaria, the Land of Roses, a “Wonderland” amongst others in Eastern Europe. After living there for eight years under the influence of communism, my family and I were eager to depart and head for America - “ The Land of Opportunity.” The adjustments I had to make to my unknown surroundings in the United States were not easy or pleasant. My number one priority was