1. Six principles of scientific thinking
Six scientific thinking principles refers to psychology basics which are utilized throughout all branches and levels to think scientifically concerning multiple tests, problems, solutions among others. These scientific thinking principles include;
i) Correlation vs. causation: This refers to the error which emanates from having the assumption that since one thing is related with another, it must lead to the other.
ii) Replicability : This principle depicts that the findings of a study can consistently be duplicated.
iii) Occam’s razor: This principle argues that in a case where two explanations account effectively and equally for a certain phenomenon ...view middle of the document...
Example 1: This is a claim in which the Tobacco industry argued that since smoking is related with lung cancer that does not therefore necessarily mean that lung cancer is caused by smoking. This claim requires to be evaluated seriously using the principles of scientific thinking in order to reach to the conclusion of whether this claim is true (http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/evidence-in-medicine-correlation-and-causation).
Example 2: Another example of a claim that can be evaluated using principles of scientific thinking is a claim that human beings have a lifespan of less than 200 years. This claim is not necessarily untrue however it is unfalsifiable since no evidence could disprove it conceivably.
Example 3: creation vs Evolution is another example of a claim that can be evaluated by use of principles of scientific thinking (http://blog.lib.umn.edu/nich0185/myblog/2011/10/ruling-out-rival-hypothesis---creation-vs-evolution.html).
Example 1: Correlation vs. causation
This is a claim about Tobacco industry which argued that since smoking is related with lung cancer that does not therefore necessarily mean that lung cancer is caused by smoking. This claim requires to be evaluated seriously using the principles of scientific thinking in order to reach to the conclusion of whether this claim is true. This correlation is not enough to arriving at a substantial conclusion however several correlations entirely triangulating on the fact that smoking leads to lung cancer, in combination with biological plausibility, does. Claim by tobacco industry that tobacco does not cause lung cancer as causal relationship explaining correlation brings up numerous predictions, which are all later confirmed. Duration of smoking increases the...