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A Brief Overview Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

1661 words - 7 pages

A brief overview of OCD.......
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a form of an anxiety disorder. It is the condition in which someone is flooded with persistent thoughts called obsessions and in order to control those thoughts they engage in repetitive behaviors or mental acts called compulsions.
Article 1 summary.......
Patient adherence predicts outcome from cognitive behavioral therapy in obsessive compulsive disorder

This was an empirically based study conducted to explore the effect of patient adherence and treatment outcome. Thirty adults with OCD were randomly assigned to one of two groups; standard EX/RP group or the group which included EX/RP along with motivational interviewing strategies. Participants with comorbid disorders were excluded from this study. It was found that between-session adherence significantly decreased symptoms after the treatment. A linear regression model was generated to see how severe the post treatment OCD would be. As predicted, it was determined that higher patient adherence significantly reduced post treatment OCD severity.
This study was effective because throughout the experiment, the same patient adherence scale was used to measure the adherence. The main reason for this study was to test whether making the treatment more personal would allow for a better outcome. One option for personalizing the EX/RP treatment further was to introduce patient adherence. It was theorized that greater patient adherence between treatment procedures would significantly reduce severe symptoms of OCD after the treatment. Evaluators unaware of either of the treatment evaluations assessed the patients and determined their OCD severity.Therapists evaluated the adherence levels. For minimal symptoms after treatment, patients had to achieve at least a score of 5.6 on the adherence scale. A significant effect was found in between session adherence and severity of OCD as predicted by the researchers. Also it was found that earlier patient adherence causes changes earlier as compared to those patients who were not exposed to the adherence condition.
Overall, this was an appropriate article because it was current, it was based on empirical data and it looked at a psychological treatment for OCD that has been proven to be effective.
Article 2 summary.......
Intense CBT: The effectiveness of intensive cognitive behavior therapy: A case study in pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder.

This article was published in 2010 making it fairly recent. However, that does not mean it was an appropriate article. The main research presented in this article came from only one subject, Jack, a 14 year old boy. He suffered from OCD and was recommended for I-CBT. Jack had a long history of severe OCD and previously used medications to reduce his symptoms. He was later referred for I-CBT treatment for his severe OCD. To summarize, Jack engaged in repetitive behavior along with perfectionist concerns in the form of sometimes tying and...

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