This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Wvo Quine: Two Dogmas Of Empiricism. A Summary Of Quine's Problems With Carnap's Philosophy.

626 words - 3 pages

In his Two Dogmas of Empiricism, Quine addresses what he views as problematic claims made by Carnap. The first problem Quine has with Carnap's epistemology is about his definition of state-descriptions. The problem is in two parts: first Quine says that Carnap's version of analyticity is conditional, because it requires atomic sentences in a language to be mutually independent. The second part of the problem is that, Carnap's attempt to explore analyticity by way of his state-descriptions results in a problematic definition of analyticity, which ends up being more indicative of logical truth. In conclusion, Quine presents a solution to his problems with Carnap positing that the boundary between synthetic and analytic is imagined.In his attempt to define analyticity Quine encounters a problematic attempt at defining the term, by Carnap. Carnap "has tended to explain analyticity by appeal to what he calls state-descriptions"(195). Carnap's state-descriptions are problematic for two reasons; one reason is that "a statement is ... explained as analytic when it comes out true under every state description"(195), this necessitates every atomic sentence to be mutually independent- meaning that two statements that mean the same thing are supposed to exist as two completely separate meanings. However, as Quine points out this would mean "there would be a state-description which assigned truth to 'John is a bachelor' and falsity to 'John is married', and consequently 'All bachelors are married' would turn out synthetic rather than analytic under the proposed criterion"(195). This truth gives rise to the second problem of Carnap's state-descriptions, that analyticity as it refers to state-descriptions only works for languages that do not contain synonymous words such as bachelor and unmarried. So, Quine submits that Carnap's state-descriptions are indicative of logical truth, not of analyticity.To generalize, these problems that Quine has with Carnap's philosophical system equate to a single point of...

Find Another Essay On WVO Quine: Two Dogmas of Empiricism. A summary of Quine's problems with Carnap's philosophy.

Summary of World War Two Essay

1239 words - 5 pages Summary of World War Two World War II is the name commonly given to the global conflict of 1939-1945. It is said to be the greatest and most destructive war in world history. The World War II military operations were conducted primarily in Europe but also in Asia, Africa, and the far islands of the Pacific as well. More than 17 million members of the armed forces perished during the conflict. It caused strain on the economic capabilities

Comparing the Approaches of Rationalism and Empiricism Towards a Theory of Knowledge

1536 words - 6 pages Comparing the Approaches of Rationalism and Empiricism Towards a Theory of Knowledge Rationalism ----------- Rene Descartes was the main rationalist. He said he believed he had to doubt everything known to him to really understand knowledge. Rationalism first began in Ancient Greece with two extreme rationalists - Parmenides and Zeno. Rationalists believed in innate ideas - ones that are present at birth

Philosophy: Two Differetn Types of Utilitarianism

1826 words - 7 pages seen as “pleasure absent of pain” (Feinberg, 597). There are two different types of utilitarianism: act and rule. As talked about in lecture act utilitarianism is the “right action to perform on a particular occasion is the action which, on that occasion will result in the greatest sum of happiness. Rule utilitarianism is “the right action to perform on a particular occasion is the action which conforms with the rule such that, if the rule is

A Philosophy of Education

929 words - 4 pages Education is important to me for a number of reasons. I believe education is fundamental in forming a person's beliefs, attitudes, esteem, and aspirations. It is a foundation upon which we determine our future and goals. Although I know that I will probably never gain prestige, wealth, or status by working as an educator, I firmly believe that there is simply no other profession for me. There is nothing I could do with my life more fulfilling or

The Nature of Love in "Twelfth Night" - A Review and Summary of Two Critical Essays

1281 words - 5 pages article expresses the view that the "love" that Shakespeare writes about in Twelfth Night refers to power and desire and not truly sentiment. Love is traditionally impossible to explain. The lack of clarity that comes with the word is stripped however when it is associated with the rise over social, political, and economical relations, as desire can provoke. The article states that the desire in the play is related in a large part to service

A Summary of Cuba

2384 words - 10 pages supported the colonialists and with the strategic location of Havana, it became the most heavily fortified city in the Americas. La, Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabana can still today as a symbol of the agricultural wealth of the time, located at the Habana Bay entrance. The Spanish and Moorish cultural styles heavily influenced Cuba’s Capital, to include the Italian, Greek and Roman style. You can see the Spanish influence through the Convento de

A Summary of Othello

1897 words - 8 pages Written by William Shakespeare, “Othello” is a twisted tale of deceit and betrayal that turned a beautiful love into a murderous plot due to outside jealousy. The play begins in with Iago and Rodrigo arguing in Venice. Iago is a soldier who is under Othello’s command and Rodrigo has been paying him to spy on Othello because he wishes to be with Desdemona, Othello’s lover. Rodrigo believes that Iago is loyal to Othello and has not been keeping

Anorexia nervosa. A summary of two articles related to anorexia and their findings

1320 words - 5 pages Psychology Assignment: Literature ReviewIntroduction to PsychologyThis paper will summarize two articles that relate to anorexia and discuss the causes, symptoms, effects and treatments of a perplexing eating disorder that many people suffer from. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that has bombarded western cultures and society as a whole. As a nurse we must acknowledge and encourage the importance of a healthy body image.TABLE OF

Assisting Demented Patients with Feeding: Problems in a Ward Environment. A Review of the Literature

4709 words - 19 pages INTRODUCTIONNursing which promotes mental health demands the maintenance of dignity and independence of patients. There must be an element of intimacy, good communication and a degree of advocacy (Dexter & Wash 1995). Nowhere is this more apparent than in assisting another human being with feeding themselves. Yet assisting dementia patients with feeding problems is an area of nursing care in which intervention is, in many cases, inadequate

Two methods of parental handling of teenage problems

1000 words - 4 pages The children of perfective outcome is always a goal which many parents approach. But, the hardest question is usually asked by a large of parents is that what is the effective method that should parents apiece use? And how can they deal with their children’s problem? Thereof, experts have carried out some studied in order to find out the best ways to thrive the children. Eventually, they had summarized into four primarily parents styles

With Regards to the Matter of Philosophy

1206 words - 5 pages of Philosophy differ due to Philosophy's nature and methods of using inquiry to solve its problems. Often framing their questions as problems or puzzles in order to give clear examples of their doubts about a subject they find interesting, wonderful or confusing. A Philosopher will typically frame their problems in a logical manner, and then work towards a solution based on critical reading and reasoning. Language is the philosopher's primary

Similar Essays

A Summary Of Amy Tan's "Two Kinds."

296 words - 2 pages Amy Tan's "Two Kinds" is a story of a daughter coming to grips with her childhood. Ni-Kan, the child in the story, is pressured by her mother to excel in some sort of talent so she can flaunt her daughter to other mothers. Ni-Kan's mother has her copy others to find a talent but fails in every attempt. While watching television one night, Ni-Kan's mother sees a boy playing the piano and decides this will be the perfect talent for Ni-Kan. She is

Problems With Descartes' Philosophy Essay

3566 words - 14 pages Problems with Descartes' Philosophy It is from the views of Descartes that most of the metaphysical systems of the last three centuries begin, trying to improve upon them, or to overcome what they regard as difficulties in the Cartesian system. René Descartes is responsible for the predominance of the problem of human knowledge in modern philosophy. Many of the systems of philosophy and theories of knowledge which have arisen in the

Human Vs. Computer: Comparison Of How The Truth Of A Statement Is Determined In The Framework Of Wvo Quine’s Holism

969 words - 4 pages /archives/spr2011/entries/duhem/. Gibson, R., 1982. The Philosophy of W.V. Quine: An Expository Essay, University Presses of Florida. Grice, P., Strawson, P., 1957. “In Defense of a Dogma,” Philosophical Review 65: 141-58. Penrose, Roger, 1989. The Emperor's New Mind, Oxford University Press. Prigogine, I., 1997. End of Certainty, The Free Press. Quine, W.V.O., 1953. “Two Dogmas of Empiricism,” From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University

Human Vs. Computer: Comparison Of How The Truth Of A Statement Is Determined In The Framework Of Wvo Quine’s Holism

1531 words - 6 pages . Quine: An Expository Essay, University Presses of Florida. Grice, P., Strawson, P., 1957. “In Defense of a Dogma,” Philosophical Review 65: 141-58. Penrose, Roger, 1989. The Emperor's New Mind, Oxford University Press. Prigogine, I., 1997. End of Certainty, The Free Press. Quine, W.V.O., 1953. “Two Dogmas of Empiricism,” From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press. Quine, W.V.O., 1969a. "Epistemology Naturalized," Ontological