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Wwii Battle Of The Bulge Essay

1795 words - 8 pages

WWII Battle of the Bulge
On December 16, 1944 in Germany the Nazi’s mounted a surprise attack against the Allies it was the last offensive of the Nazi’s. Who was involved in the Battle of the Bulge? The war was Allied against the Axis powers Allied powers were made up of Great Britain, The Soviet Union, and The United States of America. The Axis powers consisted of Germany, Italy, and Japan. Of those countries only The United States and Great Britain for the Allies and Germany and Italy fought in the Battle of the Bulge.
While the Battle of the Bulge was starting the Soviets were also fighting the Germans on the other side of Germany. Whenever the Allied forces invaded Normandy on D-Day the Germans were forced to fight on two sides. Whenever this had happened the German or Nazi army was stretched thin, causing them to lose a lot of ground to the Allied forces. On December the 16th the Germans decided to try and gain back some of the ground they lost Adolf Hitler pulled all his reserves up for the battle and made a surprise attack against the Americans and British. The Germans secretly formed in the Ardenne forrest and then attacked at Bastogne where the American 101st airborne division was deployed at. The 101st one of the most famous battalions in all of WWII was completely held off from reinforcements and supplies and they not only were low on supplies they were completely taken by surprise. ( William 21-25 )
The Battle of the Bulge is probably the battle that made the general George S. Patten famous his third army was engaged south of the Ardenne in a fierce tank battle. General Patten disengaged and turned north to relieve Bastogne. Why did the Germans attack Bastogne, because the German army was trying to take back the port of Antwerp. Antwerp was a vital port for the German army and the German commanders knew this the German commanders believed that if they could take the port of Antwerp that they could then split allied forces and retake ground they lost since June. So they attacked the American and British line in where they believed was the weakest point. They spear headed this one place stretching the line into like a pocket or a bulge thus giving the battle its name.
The American and British lines stretched from the fierce attack of the Germans and on December 23 the skies cleared allowing the American air planes to drop supplies to the ground forces and enabling them to attack German ground forces as well. ( William 27-30 )although the planes helped the allies bitter fighting would still continue. Although the Germans had an upper hand on the Allies on the ground, they had heavy tanks or the king tiger tank it was introduced in 1944 the king tiger tank was one of the most feared weapons on the battle field. It boasted an 88mm cannon. Compared to the Americans 75mm cannon the tiger also had a longer barrel which increased the velocity of the 88mm gun. The tiger not only had a big gun it had a lot of armor with 150mm of frontal...

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