Xenotransplants Animal To Human Organ Transplants

1572 words - 6 pages

Xenotransplants - Animal to Human Organ Transplants
We should NOT risk the human race for the benefit of the few!

When asked how he feels about the advancement of science to places that were once notions to be the job of the creator, Dr. Martin Luther King replies by saying, “Cowardice asks is it safe? Expedience asks is it political? Vanity asks is it popular? But the conscience asks is it right?”

This essay is about animal to human organ transplants otherwise known as Xenotransplants. Even though this procedure is meant to save lives, it is giving rise to metaphoric Frankenstein’s monsters and putting some aspects of the Human Race at risk. This essay will discuss diseases that can jump species and cause catastrophic dangers for humans such as Ebola and AIDS which the human population has no resistance towards. I will also explore the different religious view points on Xenotransplantation.

I believe it is important to first explain what this procedure is about and how safe it is, keeping in mind the fact that four thousand people die each year waiting for human organs. So, what is Xenotransplantation? Xeno means strange or foreign. The term is used to describe a transplant between any two species of animals, including humans. Xenotransplantation usually refers to a procedure in which an organ, such as kidney or liver or live cells (such as brain cells) from a healthy animal are grafted or transplanted into a human patient. The transplanted materials are called xenotransplants or xenografts. Plus, there are certain kinds of xenotransplants which are not true transplants at all, because the animal organ or cells stay outside the patient’s body. These are called extra-corporeal (or outside the body) xenotransplants. That is for example when livers from pigs were connected to the bloodstream of several patients to clear toxic wastes while the patients’ own livers recovered. It should be mentioned that xenotransplants are not intended to be permanent. While human transplants are generally intended to be permanent, some kinds of transplanted cells may need to be replaced regularly in order to function well and remain vital. Also, certain kinds of xenotransplants are not really transplants at all, because the animal’s organ or cells stay outside the patient’s body and are used only in the short term, often as a bridge to transplant.

The safety of this procedure is always an issue because it has to do with risks to the patients and risks to other people who might come in contact with xenotransplant patients. Well, what are the risks a person might ask? To put in simple terms, animals may be infected with micro-organisms such as different bacterial or viruses which are infectious agents that exist in the environment where they live. In some cases, these micro-organisms are species specific-meaning they will only infect one kind of animal. For example, pigs suffer from a virus that infects their...

Find Another Essay On Xenotransplants - Animal to Human Organ Transplants

Xenotransplantation Essay

1801 words - 7 pages if everyone involved in the process, respect the best interests of the patients, as well as honor moral and religious values and don't seek personal fame or financial rewards.Negatives:One focus on xenotransplantation is the controversy of it. In the last hundred years, there have been many attempts to do animal-to-human organ transplants - all have failed. Pigs are now being genetically changed to carry human genes in the hope that these

Artificial Organs: A Step Toward Safer Living

726 words - 3 pages involving ICU patients with a diagnosis of acute renal failure (Geller, 2001, 6).Indeed, health risks surrounding xenotransplantation have slowed its development partly because scientists must closely observe animal-to-human organ transfers for infection, in addition to creating efficient immunosuppressants and ensuring cross-species organ compatibility. The difficulty of observing xenotransplants is that scientists must monitor for adverse health

Xenotransplants

694 words - 3 pages should not continue. There are a select few reasons for this, first and foremost is the scientific problems it possesses and secondly the ethical and moral issues that govern our nature as human beings.The complex network that is our immune system, a way for us to defend against diseases and foreign substances has been evolving for years, millions even and so becomes high specialized. So when one introduces a foreign element such as a new organ into

Organ Donation and Transplantation

1380 words - 6 pages ). This research will tackle the history of organ donation and transplantations and its likely contributions for future medical advancements. 2. History of Organ Transplants 2.1 Early Ancient History The first organ transplants can be traced back to the ancient times where Ancient Greeks, Romans and Chinese myths features accounts of transplants accomplished by gods and healers which involves cadavers and animals though these claims were thought to

Organ Transplant and Donation

1897 words - 8 pages Romas and Confucianism. Many religions support it, although may have limitations as to what is acceptable, such as Jehovahs Witnesses state that all the blood must be removed from the organ before transplant (“Support for Families”, n.d.). Although organs from animals is being tested as a viable option for human transplants, there are many ethical issues surrounding the practice. Questions such as is it ethical to genetically alter an animal for

Organ Donation

1278 words - 5 pages From this survey it is noted that most people surveyed do support human organ transplantation and are open to the idea of animal to human transplantations.Conclusion In conclusion it can be noted that there is a great shortage in human donors for organ transplantation and that there is nowhere near enough donors for the people in need of organ transplants. A suggestion may be to make it compulsory for all Australians to be organ donors unless

The Organ Trafficking Epidemic

1682 words - 7 pages to respect, the duty to protect, and the duty to fulfill.” (Wolff 29). By becoming an organ donor and participating in transplants, that individual is saving another person’s life and making a lifetime change. In “Transplant Tourism : The Ethics and Regulation Of Interpretational Markets for Organs”, Cohen states that the value of human life and body parts have a cheapened value when organ sale is allowed (273). Another way to make fairer

Cloning: The Benefits and Where to Draw the Line

2257 words - 10 pages waiting for an organ (Why Organ). The overwhelming majority of the lucky patients that do receive an organ transplant in time must undergo immunosuppressive therapy that can have serious side effects. The cloned tissue would be compatible without the infectious risks of xenotransplants, or transplants between species. With the expansion of therapeutic cloning technology, the role of transplantation could be expanded to include more common diseases

Organ Donation: To Donate or Not to Donate

617 words - 2 pages donating their organs. However, within a few days, the body will disintegrate and decompose, including those organs. Those same organs could have saved the life of another human being if only the deceased had been registered as an organ donor. According to the United Network for Organ Sharing, there are 103,325 candidates on the waiting list as of August 30, 2009. They are waiting for an organ transplant—waiting for a second chance at life. But

Xenotransplantation

1011 words - 5 pages Xenotransplantation is the transplantation of an animal organ, tissue or live cells to a human. Xenotransplantation was started due to the scarcity of human organs according to the United Network of Organ Sharing more than 107,241 Americans were waiting in 2010. Most infants who are in need of organ transplants but are too small require animal organs. The practice was pioneered a century ago by Alexis Carrel and was considered ethically

Artificial organ for transplant and Therapeutic protein

819 words - 4 pages ). The ethics of xenotransplantation: Animal-to-Human Transplants. Retrieved from http://www.nuffieldbioethics.org/sites/default/files/xenotransplantation.pdf Paul, B., Valapour, M., Bartele, D., Abbott-Penny, A., & Kahn, J. (2004). Ethics of organ transplantation. Retrieved from http://www.ahc.umn.edu/img/assets/26104/Organ_Transplantation.pdf Pohlmeier, B., & Eenennaam, A. V. (2008). Biomedical applications of genetically engineered and cloned

Similar Essays

Animal Usage Is Needed To Benefit The Human Race

1600 words - 6 pages Animal Usage is Needed to Benefit the Human Race In today's world, one could split our country into two groups. One is those who are for animal rights in every aspect, and the other is those who are not. Those who are for animals' rights are commonly labeled "Vegans" by people of the opposing viewpoint, and sometimes even by their own. These people may belong to certain organizations such as PETA, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

A Quick, Simple, Conversion System To Extrapolate Safe Reference Doses From Animal Data To Human Data

1134 words - 5 pages A Quick, Simple, Conversion System to Extrapolate Safe Reference Doses from Animal Data to Human Data By Joel 2014 When discussing the idea of chemical doses, safety has to be the number one focus and the main deciding factor when researching a drug. It is useful when designing the initial stages for testing to calculate a threshold below which the probability of harm is almost non-existent. This is how a calculated, presumed “safe” level of

Do Animals Have A Say?: Comparative Analysis Of Animal Rights, Human Wrongs And Proud To Be Speciecist

1437 words - 6 pages The subject of animal testing for human advantages has always been a debatable topic. It is still undecided whether the use of animals for human benefits is morally right. On the other hand it is scientists and researchers who think that animals are good testing subjects because of various reasons such as preventing harmful products or finding cures to diseases. The two essays “Animal Rights, Human Wrongs” by Tom Regan and “Proud to be

Organ Tranplantation: Should Xenotransplantation’s Be Allowed?

1630 words - 7 pages matter how closely related, have different genetic codes and the greater the difference between the species, the greater the discrepancy between both their genetic markers. This can lead to problems in the Xenotransplant process. Another problem that may arise through Xenotransplants is the risk of disease transmission across species being increased. When you transplant an animal organ into a human, there is the chance that illnesses from the